Predicting Flipkart business growth factor using Linear-Regression Machine Learning Model

Hi Guys,

Today, We’ll be exploring the potential business growth factor using the “Linear-Regression Machine Learning” model. We’ve prepared a set of dummy data & based on that, we’ll predict.

Let’s explore a few sample data –

1. Sample Data

So, based on these data, we would like to predict YearlyAmountSpent dependent on any one of the following features, i.e. [ Time On App / Time On Website / Flipkart Membership Duration (In Year) ].

You need to install the following packages –

pip install pandas

pip install matplotlib

pip install sklearn

We’ll be discussing only the main calling script & class script. However, we’ll be posting the parameters without discussing it. And, we won’t discuss clsL.py as we’ve already discussed that in our previous post.

1. clsConfig.py (This script contains all the parameter details.)

################################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE                 ####
#### Written On: 15-May-2020                ####
####                                        ####
#### Objective: This script is a config     ####
#### file, contains all the keys for        ####
#### Machine-Learning. Application will     ####
#### process these information & perform    ####
#### various analysis on Linear-Regression. ####
################################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'ARCH_DIR': Curr_Path + sep + 'arch' + sep,
        'PROFILE_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'profile' + sep,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep,
        'REPORT_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'report',
        'FILE_NAME': Curr_Path + sep + 'Data' + sep + 'FlipkartCustomers.csv',
        'SRC_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'Data' + sep,
        'APP_DESC_1': 'IBM Watson Language Understand!',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path
    }

2. clsLinearRegression.py (This is the main script, which will invoke the Machine-Learning API & return 0 if successful.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 15-May-2020              ####
#### Modified On 15-May-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main scripts for Linear   ####
#### Regression.                          ####
##############################################

import pandas as p
import numpy as np
import regex as re

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf

# %matplotlib inline -- for Jupyter Notebook
class clsLinearRegression:
    def __init__(self):
        self.fileName =  cf.config['FILE_NAME']

    def predictResult(self):
        try:

            inputFileName = self.fileName

            # Reading from Input File
            df = p.read_csv(inputFileName)

            print()
            print('Projecting sample rows: ')
            print(df.head())

            print()
            x_row = df.shape[0]
            x_col = df.shape[1]

            print('Total Number of Rows: ', x_row)
            print('Total Number of columns: ', x_col)

            # Adding Features
            x = df[['TimeOnApp', 'TimeOnWebsite', 'FlipkartMembershipInYear']]

            # Target Variable - Trying to predict
            y = df['YearlyAmountSpent']

            # Now Train-Test Split of your source data
            from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

            # test_size => % of allocated data for your test cases
            # random_state => A specific set of random split on your data
            X_train, X_test, Y_train, Y_test = train_test_split(x, y, test_size=0.4, random_state=101)

            # Importing Model
            from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression

            # Creating an Instance
            lm = LinearRegression()

            # Train or Fit my model on Training Data
            lm.fit(X_train, Y_train)

            # Creating a prediction value
            flipKartSalePrediction = lm.predict(X_test)

            # Creating a scatter plot based on Actual Value & Predicted Value
            plt.scatter(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)

            # Adding meaningful Label
            plt.xlabel('Actual Values')
            plt.ylabel('Predicted Values')

            # Checking Individual Metrics
            from sklearn import metrics

            print()
            mea_val = metrics.mean_absolute_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)
            print('Mean Absolute Error (MEA): ', mea_val)

            mse_val = metrics.mean_squared_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)
            print('Mean Square Error (MSE): ', mse_val)

            rmse_val = np.sqrt(metrics.mean_squared_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction))
            print('Square root Mean Square Error (RMSE): ', rmse_val)

            print()

            # Check Variance Score - R^2 Value
            print('Variance Score:')
            var_score = str(round(metrics.explained_variance_score(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction) * 100, 2)).strip()
            print('Our Model is', var_score, '% accurate. ')
            print()

            # Finding Coeficent on X_train.columns
            print()
            print('Finding Coeficent: ')

            cedf = p.DataFrame(lm.coef_, x.columns, columns=['Coefficient'])
            print('Printing the All the Factors: ')
            print(cedf)

            print()

            # Getting the Max Value from it
            cedf['MaxFactorForBusiness'] = cedf['Coefficient'].max()

            # Filtering the max Value to identify the biggest Business factor
            dfMax = cedf[(cedf['MaxFactorForBusiness'] == cedf['Coefficient'])]

            # Dropping the derived column
            dfMax.drop(columns=['MaxFactorForBusiness'], inplace=True)
            dfMax = dfMax.reset_index()

            print(dfMax)

            # Extracting Actual Business Factor from Pandas dataframe
            str_factor_temp = str(dfMax.iloc[0]['index'])
            str_factor = re.sub("([a-z])([A-Z])", "\g<1> \g<2>", str_factor_temp)
            str_value = str(round(float(dfMax.iloc[0]['Coefficient']),2))

            print()
            print('*' * 80)
            print('Major Busienss Activity - (', str_factor, ') - ', str_value, '%')
            print('*' * 80)
            print()

            # This is require when you are trying to print from conventional
            # front & not using Jupyter notebook.
            plt.show()

            return 0

        except Exception  as e:
            x = str(e)
            print('Error : ', x)

            return 1

Key lines from the above snippet –

# Adding Features
x = df[['TimeOnApp', 'TimeOnWebsite', 'FlipkartMembershipInYear']]

Our application creating a subset of the main datagram, which contains all the features.

# Target Variable - Trying to predict
y = df['YearlyAmountSpent']

Now, the application is setting the target variable into ‘Y.’

# Now Train-Test Split of your source data
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

# test_size => % of allocated data for your test cases
# random_state => A specific set of random split on your data
X_train, X_test, Y_train, Y_test = train_test_split(x, y, test_size=0.4, random_state=101)

As per “Supervised Learning,” our application is splitting the dataset into two subsets. One is to train the model & another segment is to test your final model. However, you can divide the data into three sets that include the performance statistics for a large dataset. In our case, we don’t need that as this data is significantly less.

# Train or Fit my model on Training Data
lm.fit(X_train, Y_train)

Our application is now training/fit the data into the model.

# Creating a scatter plot based on Actual Value & Predicted Value
plt.scatter(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)

Our application projected the outcome based on the predicted data in a scatterplot graph.

Also, the following concepts captured by using our program. For more details, I’ve provided the external link for your reference –

  1. Mean Absolute Error (MEA)
  2. Mean Square Error (MSE)
  3. Square Root Mean Square Error (RMSE)

And, the implementation has shown as –

mea_val = metrics.mean_absolute_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)
print('Mean Absolute Error (MEA): ', mea_val)

mse_val = metrics.mean_squared_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)
print('Mean Square Error (MSE): ', mse_val)

rmse_val = np.sqrt(metrics.mean_squared_error(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction))
print('Square Root Mean Square Error (RMSE): ', rmse_val)

At this moment, we would like to check the credibility of our model by using the variance score are as follows –

var_score = str(round(metrics.explained_variance_score(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction) * 100, 2)).strip()
print('Our Model is', var_score, '% accurate. ')

Finally, extracting the coefficient to find out, which particular feature will lead Flikkart for better sale & growth by taking the maximum of coefficient value month the all features are as shown below –

cedf = p.DataFrame(lm.coef_, x.columns, columns=['Coefficient'])

# Getting the Max Value from it
cedf['MaxFactorForBusiness'] = cedf['Coefficient'].max()

# Filtering the max Value to identify the biggest Business factor
dfMax = cedf[(cedf['MaxFactorForBusiness'] == cedf['Coefficient'])]

# Dropping the derived column
dfMax.drop(columns=['MaxFactorForBusiness'], inplace=True)
dfMax = dfMax.reset_index()

Note that we’ve used a regular expression to split the camel-case column name from our feature & represent that with a much more meaningful name without changing the column name.

# Extracting Actual Business Factor from Pandas dataframe
str_factor_temp = str(dfMax.iloc[0]['index'])
str_factor = re.sub("([a-z])([A-Z])", "\g<1> \g<2>", str_factor_temp)
str_value = str(round(float(dfMax.iloc[0]['Coefficient']),2))

print('Major Busienss Activity - (', str_factor, ') - ', str_value, '%')

3. callLinear.py (This is the first calling script.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 15-May-2020              ####
#### Modified On 15-May-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import clsLinearRegression as cw

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def main():
    try:
        ret_1 = 0
        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'MachineLearning_LinearRegression.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']
        curr_ver =datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d")

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        print('Machine Learning - Linear Regression Prediction : ')
        print('-' * 200)

        # Create the instance of the Linear-Regression Class
        x2 = cw.clsLinearRegression()

        ret = x2.predictResult()

        if ret == 0:
            print('Successful Linear-Regression Prediction Generated!')
        else:
            print('Failed to generate Linear-Regression Prediction!')

        print("-" * 200)
        print()

        print('Finding Analysis points..')
        print("*" * 200)
        logging.info('Finding Analysis points..')
        logging.info(tmpR0)


        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError as e:
        print(str(e))
        logging.info(str(e))

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Key snippet from the above script –

# Create the instance of the Linear-Regression
x2 = cw.clsLinearRegression()

ret = x2.predictResult()

In the above snippet, our application initially creating an instance of the main class & finally invokes the “predictResult” method.

Let’s run our application –

Step 1:

First, the application will fetch the following sample rows from our source file – if it is successful.

2. Run_1

Step 2:

Then, It will create the following scatterplot by executing the following snippet –

# Creating a scatter plot based on Actual Value & Predicted Value
plt.scatter(Y_test, flipKartSalePrediction)
3. Run_2

Note that our model is pretty accurate & it has a balanced success rate compared to our predicted numbers.

Step 3:

Finally, it is successfully able to project the critical feature are shown below –

4. Run_3

From the above picture, you can see that our model is pretty accurate (89% approx).

Also, highlighted red square identifying the key-features & their confidence score & finally, the projecting the winner feature marked in green.

So, as per that, we’ve come to one conclusion that Flipkart’s business growth depends on the tenure of their subscriber, i.e., old members are prone to buy more than newer members.

Let’s look into our directory structure –

5. Win_Dir

So, we’ve done it.

I’ll be posting another new post in the coming days. Till then, Happy Avenging! 😀

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet & for educational purpose only.

Combining the NoSQL(Cosmos DB) & traditional Azure RDBMS in Azure (Time stone solo from Python verse)

Hi Guys!

Today, our main objective is to extend our last post & blending two different kinds of data using Python.

Please refer the earlier post if you didn’t go through it – “Building Azure cosmos application.“.

What is the Objective?

In this post, our objective is to combine traditional RDBMS from the cloud with Azure’s NO SQL, which is, in this case, is Cosmos DB. And, try to forecast some kind of blended information, which can be aggregated further.

Examining Source Data.

No SQL Data from Cosmos:

Let’s check one more time the No SQL data created in our last post.

CosmosData

Total, we’ve created 6 records in our last post.

As you can see in red marked areas. From item, one can check the total number of records created. You can also filter out specific record using the Edit Filter blue color button highlighted with blue box & you need to provide the “WHERE CLAUSE” inside it.

Azure SQL DB:

Let’s create some data in Azure SQL DB.

But, before that, you need to create SQL DB in the Azure cloud. Here is the official Microsoft link to create DB in Azure. You can refer to it here.

I won’t discuss the detailed steps of creating DB here.

From Azure portal, it looks like –

Azure SQL DB Main Screen

Let’s see how the data looks like in Azure DB. For our case, we’ll be using the hrMaster DB.

Let’s create the table & some sample data aligned as per our cosmos data.

Azure SQL DB

We will join both the data based on subscriberId & then extract our required columns in our final output.

CombinedData

Good. Now, we’re ready for python scripts.

Python Scripts:

In this installment, we’ll be reusing the following python scripts, which is already discussed in my earlier post –

  • clsL.py
  • clsColMgmt.py
  • clsCosmosDBDet.py

So, I’m not going to discuss these scripts.

Before we discuss our scripts, let’s look out the directory structures –

Win_Vs_MAC

Here is the detailed directory structure between the Windows & MAC O/S.

1. clsConfig.py (This script will create the split csv files or final merge file after the corresponding process. However, this can be used as usual verbose debug logging as well. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 25-May-2019              ####
#### Updated On: 02-Jun-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: This script is a config   ####
#### file, contains all the keys for      ####
#### azure cosmos db. Application will    ####
#### process these information & perform  ####
#### various CRUD operation on Cosmos DB. ####
##############################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))
    db_name = 'rnd-de01-usw2-vfa-cdb'
    db_link = 'dbs/' + db_name
    CONTAINER1 = "RealtimeEmail"
    CONTAINER2 = "RealtimeTwitterFeedback"
    CONTAINER3 = "RealtimeHR"

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'SERVER': 'xxxx-xxx.database.windows.net',
        'DATABASE_1': 'SalesForceMaster',
        'DATABASE_2': 'hrMaster',
        'DATABASE_3': 'statMaster',
        'USERNAME': 'admin_poc_dev',
        'PASSWORD': 'xxxxx',
        'DRIVER': '{ODBC Driver 17 for SQL Server}',
        'ENV': 'pocdev-saty',
        'ENCRYPT_FLAG': "yes",
        'TRUST_FLAG': "no",
        'TIMEOUT_LIMIT': "30",
        'PROCSTAT': "'Y'",
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'EMAIL_SRC_JSON_FILE': Curr_Path + sep + 'src_file' + sep + 'srcEmail.json',
        'TWITTER_SRC_JSON_FILE': Curr_Path + sep + 'src_file' + sep + 'srcTwitter.json',
        'HR_SRC_JSON_FILE': Curr_Path + sep + 'src_file' + sep + 'srcHR.json',
        'COSMOSDB_ENDPOINT': 'https://rnd-de01-usw2-vfa-cdb.documents.azure.com:443/',
        'CONFIG_TABLE': 'ETL_CONFIG_TAB',
        'COSMOS_PRIMARYKEY': "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXIsI00AxKXXXXXgg==",
        'ARCH_DIR': Curr_Path + sep + 'arch' + sep,
        'COSMOSDB': db_name,
        'COSMOS_CONTAINER1': CONTAINER1,
        'COSMOS_CONTAINER2': CONTAINER2,
        'COSMOS_CONTAINER3': CONTAINER3,
        'CONFIG_ORIG': 'Config_orig.csv',
        'ENCRYPT_CSV': 'Encrypt_Config.csv',
        'DECRYPT_CSV': 'Decrypt_Config.csv',
        'PROFILE_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'profile' + sep,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep,
        'REPORT_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'report',
        'APP_DESC_1': 'Feedback Communication',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path,
        'SQL_QRY_1': "SELECT c.subscriberId, c.sender, c.orderNo, c.orderDate, c.items.orderQty  FROM RealtimeEmail c",
        'SQL_QRY_2': "SELECT c.twitterId, c.Twit, c.DateCreated, c.Country FROM RealtimeTwitterFeedback c WHERE c.twitterId=@CrVal",
        'DB_QRY': "SELECT * FROM c",
        'AZURE_SQL_1': "SELECT DISTINCT subscriberId, state, country, annualIncome, customerType FROM dbo.onboardCustomer",
        'COLLECTION_QRY': "SELECT * FROM r",
        'database_link': db_link,
        'collection_link_1': db_link + '/colls/' + CONTAINER1,
        'collection_link_2': db_link + '/colls/' + CONTAINER2,
        'collection_link_3': db_link + '/colls/' + CONTAINER3,
        'options': {
            'offerThroughput': 1000,
            'enableCrossPartitionQuery': True,
            'maxItemCount': 2
        }
    }

Here, we’ve added a couple of more entries compared to the last time, which points the detailed configuration for Azure SQL DB.

‘SERVER’: ‘xxxx-xxx.database.windows.net’,
‘DATABASE_1’: ‘SalesForceMaster’,
‘DATABASE_2’: ‘hrMaster’,
‘DATABASE_3’: ‘statMaster’,
‘USERNAME’: ‘admin_poc_dev’,
‘PASSWORD’: ‘xxxxx’,
‘DRIVER’: ‘{ODBC Driver 17 for SQL Server}’,
‘ENV’: ‘pocdev-saty’,
‘ENCRYPT_FLAG’: “yes”,
‘TRUST_FLAG’: “no”,
‘TIMEOUT_LIMIT’: “30”,
‘PROCSTAT’: “‘Y'”, 

Here, you need to supply your DB credentials accordingly.

2. clsDBLookup.py (This script will look into the Azure SQL DB & fetch data from the traditional RDBMS of Azure environment.)

#####################################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE                      ####
#### Written On: 25-May-2019                     ####
####                                             ####
#### Objective: This script will check &         ####
#### test the connection with the Azure          ####
#### SQL DB & it will fetch all the records      ####
#### name resied under the same DB of a table.   ####
#####################################################

import pyodbc as py
import pandas as p
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cdc

class clsDBLookup(object):
    def __init__(self, lkpTableName = ''):
        self.server = cdc.config['SERVER']
        self.database = cdc.config['DATABASE_1']
        self.database1 = cdc.config['DATABASE_2']
        self.database2 = cdc.config['DATABASE_3']
        self.username = cdc.config['USERNAME']
        self.password = cdc.config['PASSWORD']
        self.driver = cdc.config['DRIVER']
        self.env = cdc.config['ENV']
        self.encrypt_flg = cdc.config['ENCRYPT_FLAG']
        self.trust_flg = cdc.config['TRUST_FLAG']
        self.timeout_limit = cdc.config['TIMEOUT_LIMIT']
        self.lkpTableName = cdc.config['CONFIG_TABLE']
        self.ProcStat = cdc.config['PROCSTAT']
        self.AppId = cdc.config['APP_ID']

    def LookUpData(self):
        try:
            # Assigning all the required values
            server = self.server
            database = self.database1
            username = self.username
            password = self.password
            driver = self.driver
            env = self.env
            encrypt_flg = self.encrypt_flg
            trust_flg = self.trust_flg
            timout_limit = self.timeout_limit
            lkpTableName = self.lkpTableName
            ProcStat = self.ProcStat
            AppId = self.AppId

            # Creating secure connection
            str_conn = 'Driver=' + driver + ';Server=tcp:' + server + ',1433;' \
                       'Database=' + database + ';Uid=' + username + '@' + env + ';' \
                       'Pwd=' + password + ';Encrypt=' + encrypt_flg + ';' \
                       'TrustServerCertificate=' + trust_flg + ';Connection Timeout=' + timout_limit + ';'

            db_con_azure = py.connect(str_conn)

            query = " SELECT [ruleId] as ruleId, [ruleName] as ruleName, [ruleSQL] as ruleSQL, " \
                    " [ruleFlag] as ruleFlag, [appId] as appId, [DBType] as DBType, " \
                    " [DBName] as DBName FROM [dbo][" + lkpTableName + "] WHERE ruleFLag = " + ProcStat + " " \
                    " and appId = " + AppId + " ORDER BY ruleId "

            df = p.read_sql(query, db_con_azure)

            # Closing the connection
            db_con_azure.close()

            return df
        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            df = p.DataFrame()

            return df

    def azure_sqldb_read(self, sql):
        try:
            # Assigning all the required values
            server = self.server
            database = self.database1
            username = self.username
            password = self.password
            driver = self.driver
            env = self.env
            encrypt_flg = self.encrypt_flg
            trust_flg = self.trust_flg
            timout_limit = self.timeout_limit
            lkpTableName = self.lkpTableName
            ProcStat = self.ProcStat
            AppId = self.AppId

            # Creating secure connection
            str_conn = 'Driver=' + driver + ';Server=tcp:' + server + ',1433;' \
                       'Database=' + database + ';Uid=' + username + '@' + env + ';' \
                       'Pwd=' + password + ';Encrypt=' + encrypt_flg + ';' \
                       'TrustServerCertificate=' + trust_flg + ';Connection Timeout=' + timout_limit + ';'

            # print("Connection Details:: ", str_conn)
            db_con_azure = py.connect(str_conn)

            query = sql

            df = p.read_sql(query, db_con_azure)

            # Closing the connection
            db_con_azure.close()

            return df
        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            df = p.DataFrame()

            return df

Major lines to discuss –

azure_sqldb_read(self, sql):

Getting the source SQL supplied from the configuration script.

db_con_azure = py.connect(str_conn)

query = sql

df = p.read_sql(query, db_con_azure)

After creating a successful connection, our application will read the SQL & fetch the data & store that into a pandas dataframe and return the output to the primary calling function.

3. callCosmosAPI.py (This is the main script, which will call all the methods to blend the data. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 25-May-2019              ####
#### Modified On 02-Jun-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

import clsColMgmt as cm
import clsCosmosDBDet as cmdb
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import pandas as p
import clsLog as cl
import logging
import datetime
import json
import clsDBLookup as dbcon

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

def getDate(row):
    try:
        d1 = row['orderDate']
        d1_str = str(d1)
        d1_dt_part, sec = d1_str.split('.')
        dt_part1 = d1_dt_part.replace('T', ' ')

        return dt_part1
    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        print(x)
        dt_part1 = ''

        return dt_part1

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def main():
    try:
        df_ret = p.DataFrame()
        df_ret_2 = p.DataFrame()
        df_ret_2_Mod = p.DataFrame()

        debug_ind = 'Y'

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsLog()

        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'consolidated.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        arch_dir = cf.config['ARCH_DIR']
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']

        print("Archive Directory:: ", arch_dir)
        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)

        print("*" * 157)
        print("Testing COSMOS DB Connection!")
        print("*" * 157)

        # Checking Cosmos DB Azure
        y = cmdb.clsCosmosDBDet()
        ret_val = y.test_db_con()

        if ret_val == 0:
            print()
            print("Cosmos DB Connection Successful!")
            print("*" * 157)
        else:
            print()
            print("Cosmos DB Connection Failure!")
            print("*" * 157)
            raise Exception

        print("*" * 157)

        # Accessing from Azure SQL DB
        x1 = dbcon.clsDBLookup()
        act_df = x1.azure_sqldb_read(cf.config['AZURE_SQL_1'])

        print("Azure SQL DB::")
        print(act_df)
        print()

        print("-" * 157)

        # Calling the function 1
        print("RealtimeEmail::")

        # Fetching First collection data to dataframe
        print("Fethcing Comos Collection Data!")

        sql_qry_1 = cf.config['SQL_QRY_1']
        msg = "Documents generatd based on unique key"
        collection_flg = 1

        x = cm.clsColMgmt()
        df_ret = x.fetch_data(sql_qry_1, msg, collection_flg)

        l.logr('1.EmailFeedback_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_ret, 'log')
        print('RealtimeEmail Data::')
        print(df_ret)
        print()

        # Checking execution status
        ret_val = int(df_ret.shape[0])

        if ret_val == 0:
            print("Cosmos DB Hans't returned any rows. Please check your queries!")
            print("*" * 157)
        else:
            print("Successfully fetched!")
            print("*" * 157)

        # Calling the 2nd Collection
        print("RealtimeTwitterFeedback::")

        # Fetching First collection data to dataframe
        print("Fethcing Cosmos Collection Data!")

        # Query using parameters
        sql_qry_2 = cf.config['SQL_QRY_2']
        msg_2 = "Documents generated based on RealtimeTwitterFeedback feed!"
        collection_flg = 2

        val = 'crazyGo'
        param_det = [{"name": "@CrVal", "value": val}]
        add_param = 2

        x1 = cm.clsColMgmt()
        df_ret_2 = x1.fetch_data(sql_qry_2, msg_2, collection_flg, add_param, param_det)

        l.logr('2.TwitterFeedback_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_ret, 'log')
        print('Realtime Twitter Data:: ')
        print(df_ret_2)
        print()

        # Checking execution status
        ret_val_2 = int(df_ret_2.shape[0])

        if ret_val_2 == 0:
            print("Cosmos DB hasn't returned any rows. Please check your queries!")
            print("*" * 157)
        else:
            print("Successfuly row feteched!")
            print("*" * 157)

        # Merging NoSQL Data (Cosmos DB) with Relational DB (Azure SQL DB)
        df_Fin_temp = p.merge(df_ret, act_df, on='subscriberId', how='inner')

        df_fin = df_Fin_temp[['orderDate', 'orderNo', 'sender', 'state', 'country', 'customerType']]

        print("Initial Combined Data (From Cosmos & Azure SQL DB) :: ")
        print(df_fin)

        l.logr('3.InitCombine_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_fin, 'log')

        # Transforming the orderDate as per standard format
        df_fin['orderDateM'] = df_fin.apply(lambda row: getDate(row), axis=1)

        # Dropping the old column & renaming the new column to old column
        df_fin.drop(columns=['orderDate'], inplace=True)
        df_fin.rename(columns={'orderDateM': 'orderDate'}, inplace=True)

        print("*" * 157)
        print()
        print("Final Combined & Transformed result:: ")
        print(df_fin)

        l.logr('4.Final_Combine_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_fin, 'log')
        print("*" * 157)

    except ValueError:
        print("No relevant data to proceed!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

The key lines from this script –

def getDate(row):
    try:
        d1 = row['orderDate']
        d1_str = str(d1)
        d1_dt_part, sec = d1_str.split('.')
        dt_part1 = d1_dt_part.replace('T', ' ')

        return dt_part1
    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        print(x)
        dt_part1 = ''

        return dt_part1

This function converts NoSQL date data type more familiar format.

NoSQL Date:
NoSQL_Date
Transformed Date:
Transformed Date
# Accessing from Azure SQL DB
x1 = dbcon.clsDBLookup()
act_df = x1.azure_sqldb_read(cf.config['AZURE_SQL_1'])

print("Azure SQL DB::")
print(act_df)
print()

Above lines are calling the Azure SQL DB method to retrieve the RDBMS data into our dataframe.

# Merging NoSQL Data (Cosmos DB) with Relational DB (Azure SQL DB)
df_Fin_temp = p.merge(df_ret, act_df, on='subscriberId', how='inner')

df_fin = df_Fin_temp[['orderDate', 'orderNo', 'sender', 'state', 'country', 'customerType']]

In these above lines, we’re joining the data retrieved from two different kinds of the database to prepare our initial combined dataframe. Also, we’ve picked only the desired column, which will be useful for us.

# Transforming the orderDate as per standard format
df_fin['orderDateM'] = df_fin.apply(lambda row: getDate(row), axis=1)

# Dropping the old column & renaming the new column to old column
df_fin.drop(columns=['orderDate'], inplace=True)
df_fin.rename(columns={'orderDateM': 'orderDate'}, inplace=True)

In the above lines, we’re transforming our date field, as shown above in one of our previous images by calling the getDate method.

Let’s see the directory structure of our program –

Win_Vs_MAC

Let’s see how it looks when it runs –

Windows:

Win_Run_1
Win_Run_2

MAC:

MAC_Run_1
MAC_Run_2

So, finally, we’ve successfully blended the data & make more meaningful data projection.

Following python packages are required to run this application –

pip install azure

pip install azure-cosmos

pip install pandas

pip install requests

pip install pyodbc

This application tested on Python3.7.1 & Python3.7.2 as well. As per Microsoft, their official supported version is Python3.5.

I hope you’ll like this effort.

Wait for the next installment. Till then, Happy Avenging. 😀

[Note: All the sample data are available/prepared in the public domain for research & study.]

The advanced concept of Pandas & Numpy with an aggregate & lookup of file logging (A crossover over of Space Stone & Soul Stone from the Python verse)

Today, we’ll be implementing the advanced concept of Pandas & Numpy & how one can aggregate data & produce meaningful data insights into your business, which makes an impact on your overall profit.

First, let us understand the complexity of the problem & what we’re looking to achieve here. For that, you need to view the source data & lookup data & how you want to process the data.

Source Data:

sourcedata-e1554702920904-1

The above picture is a sample data-set from a Bank (Data available on U.S public forum), which captures the information of the customer’s current account balance. Let’s look into the look-up files sample data –

First File:

LookUp_1_Actual

Second File:

LookUp_2So, one can clearly see, Bank is trying to get a number of stories based on the existing data.

Challenges:

The first lookup file contains data in a manner where the column of our source file is row here. Hence, you need to somehow bring the source data as per the lookup file to get the other relevant information & then joining that with the second lookup file to bring all the data point for your storyline.

Look-Up Configuration:

In order to match the look-up data with our source data, we’ll be adding two new columns, which will help the application to process the correct row out of the entries provided in the look-up file 1.

LookUp_1

As you can see from the above picture, that two new columns i.e. Category & Stat have added in this context. Here, the category contains metadata information. If a column has a significant number of unique values, then we’re marking it as ‘D in the category. In this case, the bank doesn’t offer any scheme based on the customer’s name. Hence, these fields are marked with ‘I. For the Gender column, the application has less number of unique records i.e. either ‘Male‘ or ‘Female‘. As a result, we provided two corresponding entries. Remember, DateJoined is a key column here. Even though we marked its category as ‘I‘, which denote no transformation requires – ‘K‘ will denote that it is the driving column apart from one of the surrogate key [PKEY] that we’ll be generating during our application transformation process. I’ll discuss that in the respective snippet discussion.

Our Goal:

Based on the source data, We need to find the following story & published that in an excel sheet separately.

  1. The country, Gender wise Bank’s contribution.
  2. The country, Job-wise Bank’s contribution.
  3. The country & Age range wise Saving trends & Bank’s contribution.

A little note on Bank’s Contribution:

Let us explain, what exactly means by Bank’s contribution. Sometimes, bank want’s to encourage savings to an individual client based on all the available factors. So, let’s assume that – Bank contribute $1 for every $150 saving of a person. Again this $1 may vary based on the Age Range & gender to promote a specific group. Also, when someone opens any savings account with the bank, by default bank contributed a sum of $100 at the time when they open an account for a short period of time as part of their promotion strategy. These details you will get it from first lookup file. Second lookup file contains the age range category base on the Group that is available in First Lookup file.

Python Scripts:

In this installment, we’ll be reusing the following python scripts, which is already discussed in my earlier post

  • clsFindFile.py
  • clsL.py

So, I’m not going to discuss these scripts. 

1. clsParam.py (This script will create the split csv files or final merge file after the corresponding process. However, this can be used as normal verbose debug logging as well. Hence, the name comes into the picture.) 

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2019       ########
###########################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsParam(object):
    os_det = pl.system()
    dir_sep = ''

    if os_det == "Windows":
        dir_sep = "\\"
    else:
        dir_sep = '/'

    config = {
        'MAX_RETRY' : 5,
        'PATH' : os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)) + dir_sep,
        'SRC_DIR' : os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)) + dir_sep + 'src_files' + dir_sep,
        'FIN_DIR': os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)) + dir_sep + 'finished' + dir_sep,
        'LKP_DIR': os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)) + dir_sep + 'lkp_files' + dir_sep,
        'LOG_DIR': os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__)) + dir_sep + 'log' + dir_sep,
        'LKP_FILE': 'DataLookUp',
        'LKP_CATG_FILE': 'CategoryLookUp',
        'LKP_FILE_DIR_NM': 'lkp_files',
        'SRC_FILE_DIR_NM': 'src_files',
        'FIN_FILE_DIR_NM': 'finished',
        'LOG_FILE_DIR_NM': 'log',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'Y'
    }

 

2. clsLookUpDataRead.py (This script will look into the lookup file & this will generate the combined lookup result as we’ve two different lookup files. Hence, the name comes into the picture.) 

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2019       ########
###########################################

import pandas as p
import clsFindFile as c
import clsL as log
from clsParam import clsParam as cf
import datetime

# Disbling Warnings
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass
import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

class clsLookUpDataRead(object):

    def __init__(self, lkpFilename):
        self.lkpFilename = lkpFilename

        self.lkpCatgFilename = cf.config['LKP_CATG_FILE']
        self.path = cf.config['PATH']
        self.subdir = str(cf.config['LOG_FILE_DIR_NM'])

        # To disable logging info
        self.Ind = cf.config['DEBUG_IND']
        self.var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime(".%H.%M.%S")

    def getNaN2Null(self, row):
        try:
            str_val = ''
            str_val = str(row['Group']).replace('nan', '').replace('NaN','')

            return str_val
        except:
            str_val = ''

            return str_val

    def ReadTable(self):
        # Assigning Logging Info
        lkpF = []
        lkpF_2 = []
        var = self.var
        Ind = self.Ind
        subdir = self.subdir

        # Initiating Logging Instances
        clog = log.clsL()

        try:

            # Assinging Lookup file name
            lkpFilename = self.lkpFilename

            # Fetching the actual look-up file name
            f = c.clsFindFile(lkpFilename, str(cf.config['LKP_FILE_DIR_NM']))
            lkp_file_list = list(f.find_file())

            # Ideally look-up will be only one file
            # Later it will be converted to table
            for i in range(len(lkp_file_list)):
                lkpF = lkp_file_list[i]

            # Fetching the content of the look-up file
            df_lkpF = p.read_csv(lkpF, index_col=False)

            # Fetching Category LookUp File
            LkpCatgFileName = self.lkpCatgFilename

            f1 = c.clsFindFile(LkpCatgFileName, str(cf.config['LKP_FILE_DIR_NM']))
            lkp_file_list_2 = list(f1.find_file())

            # Ideally look-up will be only one file
            # Later it will be converted to table
            for j in range(len(lkp_file_list_2)):
                lkpF_2 = lkp_file_list_2[j]

            # Fetching the content of the look-up file
            df_lkpF_2 = p.read_csv(lkpF_2, index_col=False)

            # Changing both the column data type as same type
            df_lkpF['Group_1'] = df_lkpF['Group'].astype(str)
            df_lkpF_2['Group_1'] = df_lkpF_2['Group'].astype(str)

            # Dropping the old column
            df_lkpF.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)
            df_lkpF_2.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)

            # Renaming the changed data type column with the old column name
            df_lkpF.rename(columns={'Group_1':'Group'}, inplace=True)
            df_lkpF_2.rename(columns={'Group_1': 'Group'}, inplace=True)

            # Merging two lookup dataframes to form Final Consolidated Dataframe
            df_Lkp_Merge = p.merge(
                                    df_lkpF[['TableName', 'ColumnOrder', 'ColumnName', 'MappedColumnName',
                                             'Category', 'Stat', 'Group', 'BankContribution']],
                                    df_lkpF_2[['StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange', 'Group']],
                                    on=['Group'], how='left')

            # Converting NaN to Nul or empty string
            df_Lkp_Merge['GroupNew'] = df_Lkp_Merge.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Null(row), axis=1)

            # Dropping the old column & renaming the new column
            df_Lkp_Merge.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)
            df_Lkp_Merge.rename(columns={'GroupNew': 'Group'}, inplace=True)

            clog.logr('1.df_Lkp_Merge' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_Lkp_Merge, subdir)

            return df_Lkp_Merge

        except(FileNotFoundError, IOError) as s:
            y = str(s)
            print(y)

            # Declaring Empty Dataframe
            df_error = p.DataFrame()

            return df_error
        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)

            # Declaring Empty Dataframe
            df_error = p.DataFrame()

            return df_error

 

Key lines from this script –

# Fetching the actual look-up file name
f = c.clsFindFile(lkpFilename, str(cf.config['LKP_FILE_DIR_NM']))
lkp_file_list = list(f.find_file())

# Ideally look-up will be only one file
# Later it will be converted to table
for i in range(len(lkp_file_list)):
lkpF = lkp_file_list[i]

# Fetching the content of the look-up file
df_lkpF = p.read_csv(lkpF, index_col=False)

Here, the application will try to find out the lookup file based on the file name pattern & directory path. And, then load the data into the dataframe.

# Fetching Category LookUp File
LkpCatgFileName = self.lkpCatgFilename

f1 = c.clsFindFile(LkpCatgFileName, str(cf.config['LKP_FILE_DIR_NM']))
lkp_file_list_2 = list(f1.find_file())

# Ideally look-up will be only one file
# Later it will be converted to table
for j in range(len(lkp_file_list_2)):
lkpF_2 = lkp_file_list_2[j]

# Fetching the content of the look-up file
df_lkpF_2 = p.read_csv(lkpF_2, index_col=False)

In this step, the second lookup file will be loaded into the second dataframe.

# Changing both the column data type as same type
df_lkpF['Group_1'] = df_lkpF['Group'].astype(str)
df_lkpF_2['Group_1'] = df_lkpF_2['Group'].astype(str)

# Dropping the old column
df_lkpF.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)
df_lkpF_2.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)

# Renaming the changed data type column with the old column name
df_lkpF.rename(columns={'Group_1':'Group'}, inplace=True)
df_lkpF_2.rename(columns={'Group_1': 'Group'}, inplace=True)

It is always better to cast the same datatype for those columns, which will be used part of the joining key. The above snippet does exactly that.

# Merging two lookup dataframes to form Final Consolidated Dataframe
df_Lkp_Merge = p.merge(
df_lkpF[['TableName', 'ColumnOrder', 'ColumnName', 'MappedColumnName',
'Category', 'Stat', 'Group', 'BankContribution']],
df_lkpF_2[['StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange', 'Group']],
on=['Group'], how='left')

In this step, the first lookup file will be left join with the second lookup file based on Group column.

# Converting NaN to Nul or empty string
df_Lkp_Merge['GroupNew'] = df_Lkp_Merge.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Null(row), axis=1)

# Dropping the old column & renaming the new column
df_Lkp_Merge.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)
df_Lkp_Merge.rename(columns={'GroupNew': 'Group'}, inplace=True)

Once merge is done, key columns need to suppress ‘NaN’ values to Null for better data process.

3. clsPivotLookUp.py (This script will actually contain the main logic to process & merge the data between source & lookup files & create group data & based on that data point will be produced & captured in the excel. Hence, the name comes into the picture.) 

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2019       ########
###########################################

import pandas as p
import numpy as np
import clsFindFile as c
import clsL as log
import datetime
from clsParam import clsParam as cf
from pandas import ExcelWriter

# Disbling Warnings
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass
import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

class clsPivotLookUp(object):

    def __init__(self, srcFilename, tgtFileName, df_lkpF):
        self.srcFilename = srcFilename
        self.tgtFileName = tgtFileName
        self.df_lkpF = df_lkpF
        self.lkpCatgFilename = cf.config['LKP_CATG_FILE']

        self.path = cf.config['PATH']
        self.subdir = str(cf.config['LOG_FILE_DIR_NM'])
        self.subdir_2 = str(cf.config['FIN_FILE_DIR_NM'])
        # To disable logging info
        self.Ind = cf.config['DEBUG_IND']
        self.report_path = cf.config['FIN_DIR']

    def dfs_tabs(self, df_list, sheet_list, file_name):
        try:
            cnt = 0
            number_rows = 0

            writer = p.ExcelWriter(file_name, engine='xlsxwriter')

            for dataframe, sheet in zip(df_list, sheet_list):
                number_rows = int(dataframe.shape[0])
                number_cols = int(dataframe.shape[1])

                if cnt == 0:
                    dataframe.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet, startrow=7, startcol=5)
                else:
                    dataframe.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet, startrow=5, startcol=0)

                # Get the xlsxwriter workbook & worksheet objects
                workbook = writer.book
                worksheet = writer.sheets[sheet]
                worksheet.set_zoom(90)

                if cnt == 0:
                    worksheet.set_column('A:E', 4)
                    worksheet.set_column('F:F', 20)
                    worksheet.set_column('G:G', 10)
                    worksheet.set_column('H:J', 20)

                    # Insert an Image
                    worksheet.insert_image('E1', 'Logo.png', {'x_scale':0.6, 'y_scale':0.8})

                    # Add a number format for cells with money.
                    money_fmt = workbook.add_format({'num_format': '$#,##0', 'border': 1})
                    worksheet.set_column('H:H', 20, money_fmt)

                    # Define our range for color formatting
                    color_range = "F9:F{}".format(number_rows * 2 + 1)

                    # Add a format. Red fill with the dark red text
                    red_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color':'#FEC7CE', 'font_color':'#0E0E08', 'border':1})

                    # Add a format. Green fill with the dark green text
                    green_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#D0FCA4', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

                    # Add a format. Cyan fill with the dark green text
                    mid_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#6FC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

                    # Add a format. Other fill with the dark green text
                    oth_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#AFC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type':'cell',
                                                               'criteria':'equal to',
                                                               'value':'"England"',
                                                               'format': green_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
                                                               'criteria': 'equal to',
                                                               'value': '"Northern Ireland"',
                                                               'format': mid_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
                                                               'criteria': 'equal to',
                                                               'value': '"Scotland"',
                                                               'format': red_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
                                                               'criteria': 'equal to',
                                                               'value': '"Wales"',
                                                               'format': oth_format})
                else:
                    first_row = 5
                    first_col = 0
                    last_row = first_row + (number_rows * 2)
                    last_col = number_cols - 1

                    if cnt == 1:
                        worksheet.set_column('A:D', 20)
                    else:
                        worksheet.set_column('A:E', 20)
                        worksheet.set_column('F:F', 20)


                    # Add a number format for cells with money.
                    # money_fmt = workbook.add_format({'num_format': '$#,##0', 'bold': True, 'border':1})
                    money_fmt = workbook.add_format({'num_format': '$#,##0', 'border': 1})

                    # Amount columns
                    if cnt == 1:
                        worksheet.set_row(6, 0, money_fmt)
                        worksheet.set_column('C:C', 20, money_fmt)
                    else:
                        worksheet.set_row(6, 0, money_fmt)
                        worksheet.set_column('D:F', 20, money_fmt)

                    # Insert an Image
                    worksheet.insert_image('B1', 'Logo.png', {'x_scale': 0.5, 'y_scale': 0.5})

                    # Add a format. Red fill with the dark red text
                    red_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#FEC7CE', 'font_color': '#0E0E08'})

                    # Add a format. Green fill with the dark green text
                    green_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#D0FCA4', 'font_color': '#0E0E08'})

                    # Add a format. Cyan fill with the dark green text
                    mid_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#6FC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08'})

                    # Add a format. Other fill with the dark green text
                    oth_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#AFC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08'})

                    # Fill colour based on formula
                    worksheet.conditional_format(first_row,
                                                 first_col,
                                                 last_row,
                                                 last_col,
                                                 {'type': 'formula',
                                                  'criteria': '=INDIRECT("A"&ROW())="England"',
                                                  'format': green_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(first_row,
                                                 first_col,
                                                 last_row,
                                                 last_col,
                                                 {'type': 'formula',
                                                  'criteria': '=INDIRECT("A"&ROW())="Northern Ireland"',
                                                  'format': mid_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(first_row,
                                                 first_col,
                                                 last_row,
                                                 last_col,
                                                 {'type': 'formula',
                                                  'criteria': '=INDIRECT("A"&ROW())="Scotland"',
                                                  'format': red_format})

                    worksheet.conditional_format(first_row,
                                                 first_col,
                                                 last_row,
                                                 last_col,
                                                 {'type': 'formula',
                                                  'criteria': '=INDIRECT("A"&ROW())="Wales"',
                                                  'format': oth_format})

                cnt += 1

            writer.save()
            writer.close()

            return 0
        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)

            return 1

    def getIntVal(self, row):
        try:
            int_val = 0
            int_val = int(row['MCategory'])

            return int_val
        except:
            int_val = 0

            return int_val

    def getSavingsAmount(self, row):
        try:
            savings = 0.0
            savings = float(row['Balance']) - float(row['BankContribution'])

            return savings
        except:
            savings = 0

            return savings

    def getNaN2Zero_StartAgeRange(self, row):
        try:
            int_AgeRange = 0
            str_StartAgeRange = ''

            str_StartAgeRange = str(row['StartAgeRange']).replace('nan','').replace('NaN','')

            if (len(str_StartAgeRange) > 0):
                int_AgeRange = int(float(str_StartAgeRange))
            else:
                int_AgeRange = 0

            return int_AgeRange
        except:
            int_AgeRange = 0

            return int_AgeRange

    def getNaN2Zero_EndAgeRange(self, row):
        try:
            int_AgeRange = 0
            str_EndAgeRange = ''

            str_EndAgeRange = str(row['EndAgeRange']).replace('nan','').replace('NaN','')

            if (len(str_EndAgeRange) > 0):
                int_AgeRange = int(float(str_EndAgeRange))
            else:
                int_AgeRange = 0

            return int_AgeRange
        except:
            int_AgeRange = 0

            return int_AgeRange


    def parse_and_write_csv(self):

        # Assigning Logging Info
        Ind = self.Ind
        subdir = self.subdir
        subdir_2 = self.subdir_2
        lkpF = []
        lkpF_2 = []
        report_path = self.report_path

        #Initiating Logging Instances
        clog = log.clsL()

        if Ind == 'Y':
            print('Logging Enabled....')
        else:
            print('Logging Not Enabled....')

        # Assigning Source File Basic Name
        srcFileInit = self.srcFilename
        tgtFileName = self.tgtFileName
        df_lkpF = self.df_lkpF

        try:

            # Fetching the actual source file name
            d = c.clsFindFile(self.srcFilename, str(cf.config['SRC_FILE_DIR_NM']))
            src_file_list = d.find_file()

            # Ideally look-up will be only one file
            # Later it will be converted to table
            for i in range(len(src_file_list)):

                # Handling Multiple source files
                var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime(".%H.%M.%S")
                print('Target File Extension will contain the following:: ', var)

                srcF = src_file_list[i]

                # Reading Source File
                df = p.read_csv(srcF, index_col=False)

                # Adding a new surrogate key to the existing records
                df = df.assign(PKEY=[1 + i for i in range(len(df))])[['PKEY'] + df.columns.tolist()]

                clog.logr('2.DF_Assign' + var + '.csv', Ind, df, subdir)

                # Fetching only relevant rows from the Look-up Files
                # based on Filters with 'I' or No Token
                # 'K' for Key columns with No Token
                # 'D' for Single column Token
                df_lkpFile = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['TableName'] == srcFileInit) &
                                     ((df_lkpF['Category'] == 'I') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'K'))]

                # Fetching the unique records from Look-up table
                id_list1 = list(df_lkpFile['ColumnName'].drop_duplicates())
                id_list2 = ['PKEY']

                id_list = id_list2 + id_list1

                # Pivoting part of the source file data to be join for merge
                df_melt = df.melt(id_vars=id_list, var_name='ColumnName')

                # Changing the generated column Value to Category for upcoming Merge
                # df_melt = df_tmp_melt.rename_by_col_index(idx_np,'Category')
                # df_melt.rename(columns={'value': 'Category'}, inplace=True)
                df_melt.rename(columns={'value': 'MCategory'}, inplace=True)

                #df_melt.to_csv(path+'1.DF_Melt.csv')
                clog.logr('3.DF_Melt' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_melt, subdir)

                # Now fetching look-up file one more time
                # filtering with the only Table Name
                # For merge with our temporary df_melt
                # to get the relevant lookup
                # information

                df_lkpFinFile = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['TableName'] == srcFileInit) &
                                        ((df_lkpF['Category'] == 'D') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'Male') |
                                        (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'K') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'Female'))]

                clog.logr('4.DF_Finlkp' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_lkpFinFile, subdir)

                # Merging two files based on Keys
                # df_fin = df_melt.merge(df_lkpFinFile, on=['ColumnName', 'Category'], how='left')
                df_fin = df_melt.merge(df_lkpFinFile, on=['ColumnName'], how='left')

                clog.logr('5.DF_FIN_Basic_Merge' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_fin, subdir)

                df_fin2 = df_fin[((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'I') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
                                 ((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'Male') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
                                 ((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'Female') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
                                 (df_fin['MCategory'] == 'NaN') |
                                 (df_fin['MCategory'] == 'D') |
                                 (
                                     (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'I') & (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'Male') &
                                     (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'Female') & (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'D') &
                                     (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'NaN')
                                 )]

                clog.logr('6.Merge_After_Filter' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_fin2, subdir)

                # Identifying Integer Column for next step
                df_fin2['Catg'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getIntVal(row), axis=1)
                df_fin2['StAge'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Zero_StartAgeRange(row), axis=1)
                df_fin2['EnAge'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Zero_EndAgeRange(row), axis=1)

                # Dropping the old Columns
                df_fin2.drop(['Category'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                df_fin2.drop(['StartAgeRange'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                df_fin2.drop(['EndAgeRange'], axis=1, inplace=True)

                # Renaming the new columns
                df_fin2.rename(columns={'Catg': 'Category'}, inplace=True)
                df_fin2.rename(columns={'StAge': 'StartAgeRange'}, inplace=True)
                df_fin2.rename(columns={'EnAge': 'EndAgeRange'}, inplace=True)

                clog.logr('7.Catg' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_fin2, subdir)

                # Handling special cases when Category from source & lookup file won't match
                # alternative way to implement left outer join due to specific data scenarios
                df_fin2['Flag'] = np.where(((df_fin2.StartAgeRange == 0) | (df_fin2.EndAgeRange == 0)) |
                                           (((df_fin2.StartAgeRange > 0) & (df_fin2.EndAgeRange > 0)) &
                                            ((df_fin2.Category >= df_fin2.StartAgeRange)
                                              & (df_fin2.Category <= df_fin2.EndAgeRange))), 'Y', 'N')

                clog.logr('8.After_Special_Filter' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_fin2, subdir)

                # Removing data where Flag is set to Y
                newDF = df_fin2[(df_fin2['Flag'] == 'Y')]

                clog.logr('9.Flag_Filter' + var + '.csv', Ind, newDF, subdir)

                # Need to drop column called ColumnName
                newDF.drop(['TableName'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                newDF.drop(['ColumnOrder'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                newDF.drop(['ColumnName'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                newDF.drop(['Category'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                newDF.drop(['Flag'], axis=1, inplace=True)
                newDF.drop(['Group'], axis=1, inplace=True)

                # Need to rename MappedColumnName to ColumnName
                newDF.rename(columns={'MappedColumnName': 'ColumnName'}, inplace=True)

                clog.logr('10.newDF' + var + '.csv', Ind, newDF, subdir)

                df_short = newDF[['PKEY', 'BankContribution', 'StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange']]

                clog.logr('11.df_short' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_short, subdir)

                # Aggregating information
                grouped = df_short.groupby(['PKEY'])
                dfGroup = grouped.aggregate(np.sum)

                clog.logr('12.dfGroup' + var + '.csv', Ind, dfGroup, subdir)

                # Let's merge to get evrything in row level
                df_rowlvl = df.merge(dfGroup, on=['PKEY'], how='inner')

                clog.logr('13.Rowlvl_Merge' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_rowlvl, subdir)

                # Dropping PKEY & Unnamed columns from the csv
                df_rowlvl.drop(['PKEY'], axis=1, inplace=True)

                clog.logr('14.Final_DF' + var + '.csv', Ind, df_rowlvl, subdir)

                ##############################################################
                #### Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution           #####
                ##############################################################
                dfCountryGender = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'Gender', 'BankContribution']]

                grouped_CG = dfCountryGender.groupby(['Region', 'Gender'])
                dCountryGen = grouped_CG.aggregate(np.sum)

                print("-" * 60)
                print("Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution")
                print("-" * 60)
                print(dCountryGen)

                clog.logr('15.dCountryGen' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryGen, subdir)

                ###############################################################
                ###### End Of Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution  ######
                ###############################################################

                ##############################################################
                #### Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution              #####
                ##############################################################

                dfCountryJob = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'Job Classification', 'BankContribution']]

                grouped_CJ = dfCountryJob.groupby(['Region', 'Job Classification'])
                dCountryJob = grouped_CJ.aggregate(np.sum)

                print("-" * 60)
                print("Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution")
                print("-" * 60)
                print(dCountryJob)

                clog.logr('16.dCountryJob' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryJob, subdir)

                ###############################################################
                ###### End Of Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution     ######
                ###############################################################

                ##############################################################
                #### Country & Age wise Savings & Bank's Contribution    #####
                ##############################################################

                dfCountryAge = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange', 'Balance', 'BankContribution']]
                dfCountryAge['SavingsAmount'] = dfCountryAge.apply(lambda row: self.getSavingsAmount(row), axis=1)

                grouped_CA = dfCountryAge.groupby(['Region', 'StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange'])
                dCountryAge = grouped_CA.aggregate(np.sum)

                print("-" * 60)
                print("Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution")
                print("-" * 60)
                print(dCountryAge)

                clog.logr('17.dCountryAge' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryAge, subdir)

                ##############################################################
                #### End Of Country & Age wise Savings & Bank's          #####
                #### Contribution                                        #####
                ##############################################################

                print('Writing to file!!')

                # Avoiding Index column of dataframe while copying to csv
                # df_token.to_csv(tgtFileName, index=False)
                # For Target File Ind should be always Yes/Y
                Ind = 'Y'

                FtgtFileName = tgtFileName + var + '.csv'
                clog.logr(FtgtFileName, Ind, df_rowlvl, subdir_2)

                ##############################################################
                ##### Writing to Excel File with Different Tabular Sheet #####
                ##############################################################
                dfs = [dCountryGen, dCountryJob, dCountryAge]
                sheets = ['Country-Gender-Stats', 'Country-Job-Stats', 'Country-Age-Stats']

                x = self.dfs_tabs(dfs, sheets, report_path+tgtFileName + var + '.xlsx')

                ##############################################################
                #####             End Of Excel Sheet Writing             #####
                ##############################################################

                # Resetting the Filename after every iteration
                # in case of Mulriple source file exists
                FtgtFileName = ""

            return 0

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            return 9

 

Key snippets from this script –

# Adding a new surrogate key to the existing records
df = df.assign(PKEY=[1 + i for i in range(len(df))])[['PKEY'] + df.columns.tolist()]

This is extremely crucial as the application will create its own unique key irrespective of data files, which will be used for most of the places for the data process.

df_lkpFile = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['TableName'] == srcFileInit) &
((df_lkpF['Category'] == 'I') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'K'))]

# Fetching the unique records from Look-up table
id_list1 = list(df_lkpFile['ColumnName'].drop_duplicates())
id_list2 = ['PKEY']

id_list = id_list2 + id_list1

This steps will capture all the columns except our key columns in our source table, which will convert columns to rows & then it will be used to join with our look-up table.

# Pivoting part of the source file data to be join for merge
df_melt = df.melt(id_vars=id_list, var_name='ColumnName')

As in the above step, the application is converting key columns of our source file to rows.

df_lkpFinFile = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['TableName'] == srcFileInit) &
((df_lkpF['Category'] == 'D') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'Male') |
(df_lkpF['Category'] == 'K') | (df_lkpF['Category'] == 'Female'))]

In this step, the application will consider all the rows based on source file name pattern & based on certain data, which will be used for lookup join.

df_fin = df_melt.merge(df_lkpFinFile, on=['ColumnName'], how='left')

In this step, the application will join the transformed data of source file with our lookup file.

df_fin2 = df_fin[((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'I') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'Male') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
((df_fin['MCategory'] == 'Female') & (df_fin['Category'] == df_fin['MCategory'])) |
(df_fin['MCategory'] == 'NaN') |
(df_fin['MCategory'] == 'D') |
(
(df_fin['MCategory'] != 'I') & (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'Male') &
(df_fin['MCategory'] != 'Female') & (df_fin['MCategory'] != 'D') &
(df_fin['MCategory'] != 'NaN')
)]

This step brings the data, which will look like –

Imp_Step_1

# Identifying Integer Column for next step
df_fin2['Catg'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getIntVal(row), axis=1)
df_fin2['StAge'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Zero_StartAgeRange(row), axis=1)
df_fin2['EnAge'] = df_fin2.apply(lambda row: self.getNaN2Zero_EndAgeRange(row), axis=1)

# Dropping the old Columns
df_fin2.drop(['Category'], axis=1, inplace=True)
df_fin2.drop(['StartAgeRange'], axis=1, inplace=True)
df_fin2.drop(['EndAgeRange'], axis=1, inplace=True)

# Renaming the new columns
df_fin2.rename(columns={'Catg': 'Category'}, inplace=True)
df_fin2.rename(columns={'StAge': 'StartAgeRange'}, inplace=True)
df_fin2.rename(columns={'EnAge': 'EndAgeRange'}, inplace=True)

Now, the application will remove NaN from these key columns for important upcoming step.

After this step, the new data looks like –

Imp_Step_2

So, now, it will be easier to filter out these data based on age range against customer age int the next step as follows –

# Handling special cases when Category from source & lookup file won't match
# alternative way to implement left outer join due to specific data scenarios
df_fin2['Flag'] = np.where(((df_fin2.StartAgeRange == 0) | (df_fin2.EndAgeRange == 0)) |
(((df_fin2.StartAgeRange > 0) & (df_fin2.EndAgeRange > 0)) &
((df_fin2.Category >= df_fin2.StartAgeRange)
& (df_fin2.Category <= df_fin2.EndAgeRange))), 'Y', 'N')

After this, new data looks like –

Imp_Step_3

Finally, filter out only records with ‘Y’. And, the data looks like as follows –

Imp_Step_4

Now, the application needs to consolidate Bank Contribution, Start & End Age Range & needs to re-pivot the data to make it a single row per customer. The data should look like this –

Imp_Step_5

Once this is done, our application is ready for all the aggregated data points.

Hence, three different categories of data transformations are self-explanatory –

Data Point – 1:

##############################################################
#### Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution #####
##############################################################
dfCountryGender = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'Gender', 'BankContribution']]

grouped_CG = dfCountryGender.groupby(['Region', 'Gender'])
dCountryGen = grouped_CG.aggregate(np.sum)

print("-" * 60)
print("Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution")
print("-" * 60)
print(dCountryGen)

clog.logr('15.dCountryGen' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryGen, subdir)

###############################################################
###### End Of Country & Gender wise Bank's Contribution ######
###############################################################

Data Point – 2:

##############################################################
#### Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution #####
##############################################################

dfCountryJob = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'Job Classification', 'BankContribution']]

grouped_CJ = dfCountryJob.groupby(['Region', 'Job Classification'])
dCountryJob = grouped_CJ.aggregate(np.sum)

print("-" * 60)
print("Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution")
print("-" * 60)
print(dCountryJob)

clog.logr('16.dCountryJob' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryJob, subdir)

###############################################################
###### End Of Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution ######
###############################################################

Data Point – 3:

##############################################################
#### Country & Age wise Savings & Bank's Contribution #####
##############################################################

dfCountryAge = df_rowlvl[['Region', 'StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange', 'Balance', 'BankContribution']]
dfCountryAge['SavingsAmount'] = dfCountryAge.apply(lambda row: self.getSavingsAmount(row), axis=1)

grouped_CA = dfCountryAge.groupby(['Region', 'StartAgeRange', 'EndAgeRange'])
dCountryAge = grouped_CA.aggregate(np.sum)

print("-" * 60)
print("Country & Job wise Bank's Contribution")
print("-" * 60)
print(dCountryAge)

clog.logr('17.dCountryAge' + var + '.csv', Ind, dCountryAge, subdir)

##############################################################
#### End Of Country & Age wise Savings & Bank's #####
#### Contribution #####
##############################################################

Finally, these datasets will invoke an excel generator function to capture all these data into different sheets & beautify the report are as follows –

##############################################################
##### Writing to Excel File with Different Tabular Sheet #####
##############################################################
dfs = [dCountryGen, dCountryJob, dCountryAge]
sheets = ['Country-Gender-Stats', 'Country-Job-Stats', 'Country-Age-Stats']

x = self.dfs_tabs(dfs, sheets, report_path+tgtFileName + var + '.xlsx')

##############################################################
##### End Of Excel Sheet Writing #####
##############################################################

Key snippets from this function –

writer = p.ExcelWriter(file_name, engine='xlsxwriter')

This step will initiate the excel engine.

for dataframe, sheet in zip(df_list, sheet_list):
number_rows = int(dataframe.shape[0])
number_cols = int(dataframe.shape[1])

In this step, the application will unpack one by one sheet & produce the result into excel.

if cnt == 0:
dataframe.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet, startrow=7, startcol=5)
else:
dataframe.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet, startrow=5, startcol=0)

In this step, this will create the data starting from row 7 into the first sheet, whereas the remaining two sheets will capture data from row 5.

worksheet.set_column('A:E', 4)
worksheet.set_column('F:F', 20)
worksheet.set_column('G:G', 10)
worksheet.set_column('H:J', 20)

This will set the length of these columns.

# Insert an Image
worksheet.insert_image('E1', 'Logo.png', {'x_scale':0.6, 'y_scale':0.8})

In this case, the application will insert my blog logo on top of every page of this excel.

# Add a number format for cells with money.
money_fmt = workbook.add_format({'num_format': '$#,##0', 'border': 1})
worksheet.set_column('H:H', 20, money_fmt)

Also, for the column with monetary information, it will generate a specific format.

# Define our range for color formatting
color_range = "F9:F{}".format(number_rows * 2 + 1)

# Add a format. Red fill with the dark red text
red_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color':'#FEC7CE', 'font_color':'#0E0E08', 'border':1})

# Add a format. Green fill with the dark green text
green_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#D0FCA4', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

# Add a format. Cyan fill with the dark green text
mid_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#6FC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

# Add a format. Other fill with the dark green text
oth_format = workbook.add_format({'bg_color': '#AFC2D8', 'font_color': '#0E0E08', 'border': 1})

worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type':'cell',
'criteria':'equal to',
'value':'"England"',
'format': green_format})

worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
'criteria': 'equal to',
'value': '"Northern Ireland"',
'format': mid_format})

worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
'criteria': 'equal to',
'value': '"Scotland"',
'format': red_format})

worksheet.conditional_format(color_range, {'type': 'cell',
'criteria': 'equal to',
'value': '"Wales"',
'format': oth_format})

In this step, the application will color-code individual start cell to highlight specific category for better decision making visually.

4. callPivotLookUp.py (This script will call the main pivot script & process the data as per business requirement. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

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#####################################################
### Objective: Purpose of this Library is to call ###
### the parse_and_write_csv method to produce the ###
### tokenized columns based on the look-up file.  ###
###                                               ###
### Arguments are as follows:                     ###
### Source File, Target File & Lookup Files.      ###
###                                               ###
#####################################################

import clsPivotLookUp as ct
from clsParam import clsParam as cf
import sys
import pandas as p
import clsLookUpDataRead as cl

def main():
    print("Calling the custom Package..")

    cnt_lkp = 0

    try:
        #Default Look up table
        Lkp_Filename = cf.config['LKP_FILE']

        # Adding New DB Table for Lookup
        x = cl.clsLookUpDataRead(Lkp_Filename)
        df_lkpF = x.ReadTable()

        cnt_lkp = df_lkpF.shape[0]

        if cnt_lkp > 0:
            df_lkpF_copy = df_lkpF.copy()

            # Getting all the unique file names
            df_list_F1 = list(df_lkpF_copy['TableName'].drop_duplicates())

            # File list which has Tokenization
            df_lkpF_Int = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['Group'].str.len() >= 1)]
            df_list_F2 = list(df_lkpF_Int['TableName'].drop_duplicates())

            for i in df_list_F1:
                if i in df_list_F2:
                    try:
                        inputFile = i

                        print("*"*30)
                        print("Reading from " + inputFile + ".csv")
                        print("*" * 30)

                        srcFileName = inputFile
                        tarFileName = srcFileName + '_processed'

                        x = ct.clsPivotLookUp(srcFileName, tarFileName, df_lkpF)

                        ret_val = x.parse_and_write_csv()

                        if ret_val == 0:
                            print("Writing to file -> (" + tarFileName + ".csv) Status: ", ret_val)
                        else:
                            if ret_val == 5:
                                print("File IO Error! Please check your directory whether the file exists with data!")
                            else:
                                print("Data Processing Issue!")

                        print("*" * 30)
                        print("Operation done for " + srcFileName + "!")
                        print("*" *30)
                    except Exception as e:
                        x = str(e)
                        srcFileName = inputFile
                        print('Check the status of ' + srcFileName + ' ' + x)
                else:
                    pass
        else:
            print("No Matching Data to process!")
    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        print(x)

        print("No Matching Data to process!")

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

 

And, the key snippet from here –

# Getting all the unique file names
df_list_F1 = list(df_lkpF_copy['TableName'].drop_duplicates())

# File list which has Tokenization
df_lkpF_Int = df_lkpF[(df_lkpF['Group'].str.len() >= 1)]
df_list_F2 = list(df_lkpF_Int['TableName'].drop_duplicates())

This will identify all the source files, which as similar kind of cases & process them one by one.

x = ct.clsPivotLookUp(srcFileName, tarFileName, df_lkpF)
ret_val = x.parse_and_write_csv()

if ret_val == 0:
print("Writing to file -> (" + tarFileName + ".csv) Status: ", ret_val)
else:
if ret_val == 5:
print("File IO Error! Please check your directory whether the file exists with data!")
else:
print("Data Processing Issue!")

This will call the main application class & based on the return result – it will capture the status of success or failure.

Let’s check the directory of both the Windows & MAC.

Windows:

Win_Dir

MAC:

MAC_Dir

Let’s check the run process –

Windows:

Win_Run_1

Win_Run_2

MAC:

MAC_Run_1

MAC_Run_2

Let’s see – how it looks in Excel –

Windows:

Win_Sheet_1

Win_Sheet_2

Win_Sheet_3

MAC:

MAC_Sheet_1

MAC_Sheet_2

MAC_Sheet_3

So, finally, we’ve achieved our target. 

Horray! We’ve done it! 😀

I hope you’ll like this effort. 

Wait for the next installment. Till then, Happy Avenging. 🙂

[Note: All the sample data are available in public domain for research & study.]

 

 

Encryption/Decryption, JSON, API, Flask Framework in Python (Crossover between Reality Stone & Time Stone in Python Verse)

Hi Guys,

Today, we’ll be looking into another exciting installment of cross-over between Reality Stone & Timestone from the python verse.

We’ll be exploring Encryption/Decryption implemented using the Flask Framework Server component. We would like to demonstrate this Encrypt/Decrypt features as Server API & then we can call it from clients like Postman to view the response.

So, here are primary focus will be implementing this in Server-side rather than the client-side.

However, there is a catch. We would like to implement different kind of encryption or decryption based on our source data.

Let’s look into the sample data first –

sample_data_csv.jpg

As you can see, we intend to encrypt Account Number encryption with different salt compared to Name or Phone or Email. Hence, we would be using different salt to encrypt our sample data & get the desired encrypt/decrypt output.

From the above data, we can create the following types of JSON payload –

Sample_JSon_Test_Data

Let’s explore –

Before we start, we would like to show you the directory structure of Windows & MAC as we did the same in my earlier post as well.

windows_vs_mac.jpg

Following are the scripts that we’re using to develop this server applications & they are as follows –

1. clsConfigServer.py (This script contains all the parameters of the server.)

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 10-Feb-2019       ########
####                               ########
#### Objective: Parameter File     ########
###########################################

import os
import platform as pl

# Checking with O/S system
os_det = pl.system()

class clsConfigServer(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    if os_det == "Windows":
        config = {
            'FILE': 'acct_addr_20180112.csv',
            'SRC_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '\\' + 'src_file\\',
            'PROFILE_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '\\' + 'profile\\',
            'HOST_IP_ADDR': '0.0.0.0',
            'DEF_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIl409vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'ACCT_NBR_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'NAME_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'PHONE_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'EMAIL_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwU0653rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o='
        }
    else:
        config = {
            'FILE': 'acct_addr_20180112.csv',
            'SRC_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '/' + 'src_file/',
            'PROFILE_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '/' + 'profile/',
            'HOST_IP_ADDR': '0.0.0.0',
            'DEF_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIl409vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'ACCT_NBR_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'NAME_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'PHONE_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'EMAIL_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwU0653rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o='
        }

Key things to monitor –

'ACCT_NBR_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
'NAME_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
'PHONE_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
'EMAIL_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwU0653rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o='

As mentioned, the different salt key’s defined for different kind of data.

2. clsEnDec.py (This script is a lighter version of encryption & decryption of our previously discussed script. Hence, we won’t discuss in details. You can refer my earlier post to understand the logic of this script.)

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 25-Jan-2019       ########
#### Package Cryptography needs to ########
#### install in order to run this  ########
#### script.                       ########
####                               ########
#### Objective: This script will   ########
#### encrypt/decrypt based on the  ########
#### hidden supplied salt value.   ########
###########################################

from cryptography.fernet import Fernet

class clsEnDec(object):

    def __init__(self, token):
        # Calculating Key
        self.token = token

    def encrypt_str(self, data):
        try:
            # Capturing the Salt Information
            salt = self.token

            # Checking Individual Types inside the Dataframe
            cipher = Fernet(salt)
            encr_val = str(cipher.encrypt(bytes(data,'utf8'))).replace("b'","").replace("'","")

            return encr_val

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            encr_val = ''

            return encr_val

    def decrypt_str(self, data):
        try:
            # Capturing the Salt Information
            salt = self.token

            # Checking Individual Types inside the Dataframe
            cipher = Fernet(salt)
            decr_val = str(cipher.decrypt(bytes(data,'utf8'))).replace("b'","").replace("'","")

            return decr_val

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            decr_val = ''

            return decr_val

3. clsFlask.py (This is the main server script that will the encrypt/decrypt class from our previous script. This script will capture the requested JSON from the client, who posted from the clients like another python script or third-party tools like Postman.)

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###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE            ####
#### Written On: 25-Jan-2019           ####
#### Package Flask package needs to    ####
#### install in order to run this      ####
#### script.                           ####
####                                   ####
#### Objective: This script will       ####
#### encrypt/decrypt based on the      ####
#### supplied salt value. Also,        ####
#### this will capture the individual  ####
#### element & stored them into JSON   ####
#### variables using flask framework.  ####
###########################################

from clsConfigServer import clsConfigServer as csf
import clsEnDec as cen

class clsFlask(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.xtoken = str(csf.config['DEF_SALT'])

    def getEncryptProcess(self, dGroup, input_data, dTemplate):
        try:
            # It is sending default salt value
            xtoken = self.xtoken

            # Capturing the individual element
            dGroup = dGroup
            input_data = input_data
            dTemplate = dTemplate

            # This will check the mandatory json elements
            if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):

                # Based on the Group & Element it will fetch the salt
                # Based on the specific salt it will encrypt the data
                if ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrAcct_Nbr')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['ACCT_NBR_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrName')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['NAME_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrPhone')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['PHONE_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrEmail')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['EMAIL_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
                else:
                    ret_val = ''
            else:
                ret_val = ''

            # Return value
            return ret_val

        except Exception as e:
            ret_val = ''
            # Return the valid json Error Response
            return ret_val

    def getDecryptProcess(self, dGroup, input_data, dTemplate):
        try:
            xtoken = self.xtoken

            # Capturing the individual element
            dGroup = dGroup
            input_data = input_data
            dTemplate = dTemplate

            # This will check the mandatory json elements
            if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):

                # Based on the Group & Element it will fetch the salt
                # Based on the specific salt it will decrypt the data
                if ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrAcct_Nbr')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['ACCT_NBR_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.decrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrName')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['NAME_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.decrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrPhone')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['PHONE_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.decrypt_str(input_data)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrEmail')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['EMAIL_SALT'])
                    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
                    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
                    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
                    ret_val = x.decrypt_str(input_data)
                else:
                    ret_val = ''
            else:
                ret_val = ''

            # Return value
            return ret_val

        except Exception as e:
            ret_val = ''
            # Return the valid Error Response
            return ret_val

Key lines to check –

# This will check the mandatory json elements
if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):

Encrypt & Decrypt will only work on the data when the key element contains valid values. In this case, we are looking for values stored in dGroup & dTemplate, which will denote the specific encryption type.

# Based on the Group & Element it will fetch the salt
# Based on the specific salt it will encrypt the data
if ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrAcct_Nbr')):
    xtoken = str(csf.config['ACCT_NBR_SALT'])
    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrName')):
    xtoken = str(csf.config['NAME_SALT'])
    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrPhone')):
    xtoken = str(csf.config['PHONE_SALT'])
    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)
elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrEmail')):
    xtoken = str(csf.config['EMAIL_SALT'])
    print("xtoken: ", xtoken)
    print("Flask Input Data: ", input_data)
    x = cen.clsEnDec(xtoken)
    ret_val = x.encrypt_str(input_data)

Here, as you can see that based on dGroup & dTemplate, the application is using specific salt to encrypt or decrypt the corresponding data. Highlighted dark brown showed a particular salt against dGroup & dTemplate.

4. callRunServer.py (This script will create an instance of Flask Server & serve encrypt/decrypt facilities & act as an endpoint or server API & provide the response made to it by clients such as another python or any third-party application.)

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############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE             ####
#### Written On: 10-Feb-2019            ####
#### Package Flask package needs to     ####
#### install in order to run this       ####
#### script.                            ####
####                                    ####
#### Objective: This script will        ####
#### initiate the encrypt/decrypt class ####
#### based on client supplied data.     ####
#### Also, this will create an instance ####
#### of the server & create an endpoint ####
#### or API using flask framework.      ####
############################################

from flask import Flask
from flask import jsonify
from flask import request
from flask import abort
from clsConfigServer import clsConfigServer as csf
import clsFlask as clf

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/process/getEncrypt', methods=['POST'])
def getEncrypt():
    try:
        # If the server application doesn't have
        # valid json, it will throw 400 error
        if not request.get_json:
            abort(400)

        # Capturing the individual element
        content = request.get_json()

        dGroup = content['dataGroup']
        input_data = content['data']
        dTemplate = content['dataTemplate']

        # For debug purpose only
        print("-" * 157)
        print("Group: ", dGroup)
        print("Data: ", input_data)
        print("Template: ", dTemplate)
        print("-" * 157)

        ret_val = ''

        if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):
            y = clf.clsFlask()
            ret_val = y.getEncryptProcess(dGroup, input_data, dTemplate)
        else:
            abort(500)

        return jsonify({'status': 'success', 'encrypt_val': ret_val})
    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        return jsonify({'status': 'error', 'detail': x})


@app.route('/process/getDecrypt', methods=['POST'])
def getDecrypt():
    try:
        # If the server application doesn't have
        # valid json, it will throw 400 error
        if not request.get_json:
            abort(400)

        # Capturing the individual element
        content = request.get_json()

        dGroup = content['dataGroup']
        input_data = content['data']
        dTemplate = content['dataTemplate']

        # For debug purpose only
        print("-" * 157)
        print("Group: ", dGroup)
        print("Data: ", input_data)
        print("Template: ", dTemplate)
        print("-" * 157)

        ret_val = ''

        if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):
            y = clf.clsFlask()
            ret_val = y.getDecryptProcess(dGroup, input_data, dTemplate)
        else:
            abort(500)

        return jsonify({'status': 'success', 'decrypt_val': ret_val})
    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        return jsonify({'status': 'error', 'detail': x})


def main():
    try:
        print('Starting Encrypt/Decrypt Application!')

        # Calling Server Start-Up Script
        app.run(debug=True, host=str(csf.config['HOST_IP_ADDR']))
        ret_val = 0

        if ret_val == 0:
            print("Finished Returning Message!")
        else:
            raise IOError
    except Exception as e:
        print("Server Failed To Start!")

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

 

Keycode to discuss –

Encrypt:

@app.route('/process/getEncrypt', methods=['POST'])
def getEncrypt():

Decrypt:

@app.route('/process/getDecrypt', methods=['POST'])
def getDecrypt():

Based on the path & method, this will trigger either encrypt or decrypt methods.

# If the server application doesn't have
# valid json, it will throw 400 error
if not request.get_json:
    abort(400)

As the comments suggested, this will check whether the sample data send to the server application is a valid JSON or not. And, based on that, it will proceed or abort the request & send the response back to the client.

# Capturing the individual element
content = request.get_json()

dGroup = content['dataGroup']
input_data = content['data']
dTemplate = content['dataTemplate']

Here, the application is capturing the json into individual elements.

if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):
    y = clf.clsFlask()
    ret_val = y.getEncryptProcess(dGroup, input_data, dTemplate)
else:
    abort(500)

The server will process only when both the dGroup & dTemplate will contains no null values. The same logic is applicable for both the encrypt & decrypt process.

    return jsonify({'status': 'success', 'encrypt_val': ret_val})
except Exception as e:
    x = str(e)
    return jsonify({'status': 'error', 'detail': x})

If the process is successful, then it will send a json response, or else it will return json with error details. Similar logic is applicable for decrypt as well.

app.run(debug=True, host=str(csf.config['HOST_IP_ADDR']))

Based on the supplied IP address from our configuration file, this server will create an instance on that specific IP address when triggers. Please refer clsConfigServer.py for particular parameter values.

Let’s run the server application & see the debug encrypt & decrypt screen looks from the server-side –

Windows (64 bit):

windows_debug_encrypt.jpg

And, we’re using Postman Third-party app to invoke this & please find the authentication details & JSON Payload for encrypting are as follows –

postman_windows_auth.jpg

Postman_Windows_Encrypt

Let’s see the decrypt from the server-side & how it looks like from the Postman –

Windows_Debug_Decrypt

Postman_Windows_Decrypt

Mac (32 bit):

Let’s look from MAC’s perspective & how the encryption debug looks like from the server.

MAC_Debug_Encrypt

Please find the screen from postman along with the necessary authentication –

Postman_MAC_Auth

Postman_MAC_Encrypt

Let’s discover how the decrypt looks like both from server & Postman as well –

MAC_Debug_Decrypt

Postman_MAC_Decrypt

So, from this post, we’ve achieved our goal. We’ve successfully demonstrated of a creating a server component using Flask framework & we’ve incorporated our custom encryption/decryption script to create a simulated API for the third-party clients or any other application.

Hope, you will like this approach.

Let me know your comment on the same.

I’ll bring some more exciting topic in the coming days from the Python verse.

Till then, Happy Avenging!