Building a Python-based airline solution using Amadeus API

Hi Guys,

Today, I’ll share a little different topic in Python compared to my last couple of posts, where I have demonstrated the use of Python in the field of machine learning & forecast modeling.

We’ll explore to create meaningful sample data points for Airlines & hotel reservations. At this moment, this industry is the hard-hit due to the pandemic. And I personally wish a speedy recovery to all employees who risked their lives to maintain the operation or might have lost their jobs due to this time.

I’ll be providing only major scripts & will show how you can extract critical data from their API.

However, to create the API, you need to register in Amadeus as a developer & follow specific steps to get the API details. You will need to register using the following link.

Step 1:

1. Generating API - Step 1

Once you provide the necessary details, you need to activate your account by clicking the email validation.

Step 2:

As part of the next step, you will be clicking the “Self-Service Workspace” option as marked in the green box shown above.

Now, you have to click My apps & under that, you need to click – Create new appshown below –

2. Generating API - Step 2

Step 3:

You need to provide the following details before creating the API. Note that once you create – it will take 30 minutes to activate the API-link.

3. Generating API - Step 3

Step 4:

You will come to the next page once you click the “Create” button in the previous step.

4. Generating API - Step 4

For production, you need to create a separate key shown above.

You need to install the following packages –

pip install amadeus

And, the installation process is shown as –

5. Installing Packages

pip install flatten_json

And, this installation process is shown as –

6. Installing Packages - Continuation

1. clsAmedeus (This is the API script, which will send the API requests & return JSON if successful.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 05-Jul-2020              ####
#### Modified On 05-Jul-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from amadeus import Client, ResponseError
import json
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf

class clsAmedeus:
    def __init__(self):
        self.client_id = cf.config['CLIENT_ID']
        self.client_secret = cf.config['CLIENT_SECRET']
        self.type = cf.config['API_TYPE']

    def flightOffers(self, origLocn, destLocn, departDate, noOfAdult):
        try:
            cnt = 0

            # Setting Clients
            amadeus = Client(
                                client_id=str(self.client_id),
                                client_secret=str(self.client_secret)
                            )

            # Flight Offers
            response = amadeus.shopping.flight_offers_search.get(
                originLocationCode=origLocn,
                destinationLocationCode=destLocn,
                departureDate=departDate,
                adults=noOfAdult)

            ResJson = response.data

            return ResJson
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            x = str(e)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

    def cheapestDate(self, origLocn, destLocn):
        try:
            # Setting Clients
            amadeus = Client(
                client_id=self.client_id,
                client_secret=self.client_secret
            )

            # Flight Offers
            # Flight Cheapest Date Search
            response = amadeus.shopping.flight_dates.get(origin=origLocn, destination=destLocn)

            ResJson = response.data

            return ResJson
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            x = str(e)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

    def listOfHotelsByCity(self, origLocn):
        try:
            # Setting Clients
            amadeus = Client(
                client_id=self.client_id,
                client_secret=self.client_secret
            )

            # Hotel Search
            # Get list of Hotels by city code
            response = amadeus.shopping.hotel_offers.get(cityCode=origLocn)

            ResJson = response.data

            return ResJson
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            x = str(e)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

    def listOfOffersBySpecificHotels(self, hotelID):
        try:
            # Setting Clients
            amadeus = Client(
                client_id=self.client_id,
                client_secret=self.client_secret
            )

            # Get list of offers for a specific hotel
            response = amadeus.shopping.hotel_offers_by_hotel.get(hotelId=hotelID)

            ResJson = response.data

            return ResJson
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            x = str(e)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

    def hotelReview(self, hotelID):
        try:
            # Setting Clients
            amadeus = Client(
                client_id=self.client_id,
                client_secret=self.client_secret
            )

            # Hotel Ratings
            # What travelers think about this hotel?
            response = amadeus.e_reputation.hotel_sentiments.get(hotelIds=hotelID)

            ResJson = response.data

            return ResJson
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
            x = str(e)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

    def process(self, choice, origLocn, destLocn, departDate, noOfAdult, hotelID):
        try:
            # Main Area to call apropriate choice
            if choice == 1:
                resJson = self.flightOffers(origLocn, destLocn, departDate, noOfAdult)
            elif choice == 2:
                resJson = self.cheapestDate(origLocn, destLocn)
            elif choice == 3:
                resJson = self.listOfHotelsByCity(origLocn)
            elif choice == 4:
                resJson = self.listOfOffersBySpecificHotels(hotelID)
            elif choice == 5:
                resJson = self.hotelReview(hotelID)
            else:
                resJson = {'errorDetails': 'Invalid Options!'}

            # Converting back to JSON
            jdata = json.dumps(resJson)

            # Checking the begining character
            # for the new package
            # As that requires dictionary array
            # Hence, We'll be adding '[' if this
            # is missing from the return payload
            SYM = jdata[:1]
            if SYM != '[':
                rdata = '[' + jdata + ']'
            else:
                rdata = jdata

            ResJson = json.loads(rdata)

            return ResJson

        except ResponseError as error:
            x = str(error)
            resJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return resJson

Let’s explore the key lines –

Creating an instance of the client by providing the recently acquired API Key & API-Secret.

# Setting Clients
amadeus = Client(
                    client_id=str(self.client_id),
                    client_secret=str(self.client_secret)
                )

The following lines are used to fetch the API response for specific business cases. Different invocation of API retrieve different data –

# Flight Offers
# Flight Cheapest Date Search
response = amadeus.shopping.flight_dates.get(origin=origLocn, destination=destLocn)

The program will navigate to particular methods to invoke certain features –

# Main Area to call apropriate choice
if choice == 1:
    resJson = self.flightOffers(origLocn, destLocn, departDate, noOfAdult)
elif choice == 2:
    resJson = self.cheapestDate(origLocn, destLocn)
elif choice == 3:
    resJson = self.listOfHotelsByCity(origLocn)
elif choice == 4:
    resJson = self.listOfOffersBySpecificHotels(hotelID)
elif choice == 5:
    resJson = self.hotelReview(hotelID)
else:
    resJson = {'errorDetails': 'Invalid Options!'}

2. callAmedeusAPI (This is the main script, which will invoke the Amadeus API & return dataframe if successful.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 05-Jul-2020              ####
#### Modified On 05-Jul-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import clsAmedeus as cw
import pandas as p
import json

# Newly added package
from flatten_json import flatten

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def main():
    try:
        # Declared Variable
        ret_1 = 0
        textOrig = ''
        textDest = ''
        textDate = ''
        intAdult = 0
        textHotelID = ''
        debug_ind = 'Y'
        res_2 = ''

        # Defining Generic Log File
        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'AmadeusAPI.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']
        curr_ver =datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d")

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        print('Welcome to Amadeus Calling Program: ')
        print('-' * 60)
        print('Please Press 1 for flight offers.')
        print('Please Press 2 for cheapest date.')
        print('Please Press 3 for list of hotels by city.')
        print('Please Press 4 for list of offers by specific hotel.')
        print('Please Press 5 for specific hotel review.')
        input_choice = int(input('Please provide your choice:'))

        # Create the instance of the Amadeus Class
        x2 = cw.clsAmedeus()

        # Let's pass this to our map section
        if input_choice == 1:
            textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))
            textDest = str(input('Please provide the Destination:'))
            textDate = str(input('Please provide the Depart Date:'))
            intAdult = int(input('Please provide the No Of Adult:'))

            retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
        elif input_choice == 2:
            textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))
            textDest = str(input('Please provide the Destination:'))

            retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
        elif input_choice == 3:
            textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))

            retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
        elif input_choice == 4:
            textHotelID = str(input('Please provide the Hotel Id:'))

            retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
        elif input_choice == 5:
            textHotelID = str(input('Please provide the Hotel Id:'))

            retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
        else:
            print('Invalid options!')
            retJson = {'errorDetails': 'Invalid Options!'}

        #print('JSON::')
        #print(retJson)

        # Converting JSon to Pandas Dataframe for better readability
        # Capturing the JSON Payload
        res_1 = json.dumps(retJson)
        res = json.loads(res_1)

        # Newly added JSON Parse package
        dic_flattened = (flatten(d) for d in res)
        df_ret = p.DataFrame(dic_flattened)

        # Removing any duplicate columns
        df_ret = df_ret.loc[:, ~df_ret.columns.duplicated()]

        print('Publishing sample result: ')
        print(df_ret.head())

        # Logging Final Output
        l.logr('1.df_ret' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_ret, 'log')

        print("-" * 60)
        print()

        print('Finding Analysis points..')
        print("*" * 157)
        logging.info('Finding Analysis points..')
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError as e:
        print(str(e))
        print("Invalid option!")
        logging.info("Invalid option!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Key lines from the above script –

# Create the instance of the Amadeus Class
x2 = cw.clsAmedeus()

The above line will instantiate the newly written Amadeus class.

# Let's pass this to our map section
if input_choice == 1:
    textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))
    textDest = str(input('Please provide the Destination:'))
    textDate = str(input('Please provide the Depart Date:'))
    intAdult = int(input('Please provide the No Of Adult:'))

    retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
elif input_choice == 2:
    textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))
    textDest = str(input('Please provide the Destination:'))

    retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
elif input_choice == 3:
    textOrig = str(input('Please provide the Origin:'))

    retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
elif input_choice == 4:
    textHotelID = str(input('Please provide the Hotel Id:'))

    retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
elif input_choice == 5:
    textHotelID = str(input('Please provide the Hotel Id:'))

    retJson = x2.process(input_choice, textOrig, textDest, textDate, intAdult, textHotelID)
else:
    print('Invalid options!')
    retJson = {'errorDetails': 'Invalid Options!'}

The above lines will fetch the response based on the supplied inputs in the form of JSON.

# Converting JSon to Pandas Dataframe for better readability
# Capturing the JSON Payload
res_1 = json.dumps(retJson)
res = json.loads(res_1)

Now, the above line will convert the return payload to JSON.

Sample JSON should look something like this –

20. Sample_JASON_Option_4_1

Now, using this new package, our application will flatten the complex nested JSON.

# Newly added JSON Parse package
dic_flattened = (flatten(d) for d in res)
df_ret = p.DataFrame(dic_flattened)

The given lines will remove any duplicate column if it exists.

# Removing any duplicate columns
df_ret = df_ret.loc[:, ~df_ret.columns.duplicated()]

Let’s explore the directory structure –

13. Win_Dir

Let’s run our application –

We’ll invoke five different API’s (API related to different functionalities) & their business cases –

Run – Option 1:

7. Win_Run_Op_1

So, if we want to explore some of the key columns, below is the screenshot for a few sample data –

21. Key_Columns

Run – Option 2:

8. Win_Run_Op_2

Some of the vital sample data –

15. Option_2_Sample_Data

Run – Option 3:

9. Win_Run_Op_3

Sample relevant data for our analysis –

16. Option_3_Sample_Data

Run – Option 4:

10. Win_Run_Op_4

Few relevant essential information –

17. Option_4_Sample_Data

Run – Option 5:

11. Win_Run_Op_5

Finally, few sample records from the last option –

18. Option_5_Sample_Data

So, finally, we’ve done it. You will find that JSON package from this link.

During this challenging time, I would request you to follow strict health guidelines & stay healthy.

N.B.: All the data that are used here can be found in the public domain. We use this solely for educational purposes.

Analyzing Language using IBM Watson using Python

Hi Guys,

Today, I’ll be discussing the following topic – “How to analyze text using IBM Watson implementing through Python.”

IBM has significantly improved in the field of Visual Image Analysis or Text language analysis using its IBM Watson cloud platform. In this particular topic, we’ll be exploring the natural languages only.

To access IBM API, we need to first create an IBM Cloud account from this site.

Let us quickly go through the steps to create the IBM Language Understanding service. Click the Catalog on top of your browser menu as shown in the below picture –

6. Creating an Instance for Watson

After that, click the AI option on your left-hand side of the panel marked in RED.

Click the Watson-Studio & later choose the plan. In our case, We’ll select the “Lite” option as IBM provided this platform for all the developers to explore their cloud for free.

7. Choosing AI
8. Choosing Plan

Clicking the create option will lead to a blank page of Watson Studio as shown below –

9. Choosing Watson Studio

And, now, we need to click the Get Started button to launch it. This will lead to Create Project page, which can be done using the following steps –

10. Create Project Initial Screen

Now, clicking the create a project will lead you to the next screen –

11. Create Project - Continue

You can choose either an empty project, or you can create it from a sample file. In this case, we’ll be selecting the first option & this will lead us to the below page –

12. Creating a Project

And, then you will click the “Create” option, which will lead you to the next screen –

13. Adding to project

Now, you need to click “Add to Project.” This will give you a variety of services that you want to explore/use from the list. If you want to create your own natural language classifier, which you can do that as follows –

14. Adding Natural Language Components from IBM Cloud

Once, you click it – you need to select the associate service –

15. Adding Associte Service - Sound

Here, you need to click the hyperlink, which prompts to the next screen –

16. Choosing Associate Service - Sound

You need to check the price for both the Visual & Natural Language Classifier. They are pretty expensive. The visual classifier has the Lite plan. However, it has limitations of output.

Clicking the “Create” will prompt to the next screen –

18. Selecting Region - Sound

After successful creation, you will be redirected to the following page –

19. Landing Page - Sound

Now, We’ll be adding our “Natural Language Understand” for our test –

29. Choosing Natural Language Understanding

This will prompt the next screen –

7. Choosing AI - Natural Language Understanding

Once, it is successful. You will see the service registered as shown below –

3. Watson Services - Sound

If you click the service marked in RED, it will lead you to another page, where you will get the API Key & Url. You need both of this information in Python application to access this API as shown below –

4. Watson API Details - Sound

Now, we’re ready with the necessary cloud set-up. After this, we need to install the Python package for IBM Cloud as shown below –

1. Installing_Packages

We’ve noticed that, recently, IBM has launched one upgraded package. Hence, we installed that one as well. I would recommend you to install this second package directly instead of the first one shown above –

2. Installing Latest IBM_Watson Package

Now, we’re done with our set-up.

Let’s see the directory structure –

31. Directory Structure

We’ll be discussing only the main calling script & class script. However, we’ll be posting the parameters without discussing it. And, we won’t discuss clsL.py as we’ve already discussed that in our previous post.

1. clsConfig.py (This script contains all the parameter details.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: This script is a config   ####
#### file, contains all the keys for      ####
#### IBM Cloud API.   Application will    ####
#### process these information & perform  ####
#### various analysis on IBM Watson cloud.####
##############################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'SERVICE_URL': "https://api.eu-gb.natural-language-understanding.watson.cloud.ibm.com/instances/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxXXXXXXXXXXxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
        'API_KEY': "Xxxxxxxxxxxxxkdkdfifd984djddkkdkdkdsSSdkdkdd",
        'API_TYPE': "application/json",
        'CACHE': "no-cache",
        'CON': "keep-alive",
        'ARCH_DIR': Curr_Path + sep + 'arch' + sep,
        'PROFILE_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'profile' + sep,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep,
        'REPORT_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'report',
        'SRC_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'Src_File' + sep,
        'APP_DESC_1': 'IBM Watson Language Understand!',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path
    }

Note that you will be placing your API_KEY & URL here, as shown in the configuration file.

2. clsIBMWatson.py (This is the main script, which will invoke the IBM Watson API based on the input from the user & return 0 if successful.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2020              ####
#### Modified On 04-Apr-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main scripts to invoke    ####
#### IBM Watson Language Understand API.  ####
##############################################

import logging
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import clsL as cl
import json
from ibm_watson import NaturalLanguageUnderstandingV1
from ibm_cloud_sdk_core.authenticators import IAMAuthenticator
from ibm_watson.natural_language_understanding_v1 import Features, EntitiesOptions, KeywordsOptions, SentimentOptions, CategoriesOptions, ConceptsOptions
from ibm_watson import ApiException

class clsIBMWatson:
    def __init__(self):
        self.api_key =  cf.config['API_KEY']
        self.service_url = cf.config['SERVICE_URL']

    def calculateExpressionFromUrl(self, inputUrl, inputVersion):
        try:
            api_key = self.api_key
            service_url = self.service_url
            print('-' * 60)
            print('Beginning of the IBM Watson for Input Url.')
            print('-' * 60)

            authenticator = IAMAuthenticator(api_key)

            # Authentication via service credentials provided in our config files
            service = NaturalLanguageUnderstandingV1(version=inputVersion, authenticator=authenticator)
            service.set_service_url(service_url)

            response = service.analyze(
                url=inputUrl,
                features=Features(entities=EntitiesOptions(),
                                  sentiment=SentimentOptions(),
                                  concepts=ConceptsOptions())).get_result()

            print(json.dumps(response, indent=2))

            return 0

        except ApiException as ex:
            print('-' * 60)
            print("Method failed for Url with status code " + str(ex.code) + ": " + ex.message)
            print('-' * 60)

            return 1

    def calculateExpressionFromText(self, inputText, inputVersion):
        try:
            api_key = self.api_key
            service_url = self.service_url
            print('-' * 60)
            print('Beginning of the IBM Watson for Input Url.')
            print('-' * 60)

            authenticator = IAMAuthenticator(api_key)

            # Authentication via service credentials provided in our config files
            service = NaturalLanguageUnderstandingV1(version=inputVersion, authenticator=authenticator)
            service.set_service_url(service_url)

            response = service.analyze(
                text=inputText,
                features=Features(entities=EntitiesOptions(),
                                  sentiment=SentimentOptions(),
                                  concepts=ConceptsOptions())).get_result()

            print(json.dumps(response, indent=2))

            return 0

        except ApiException as ex:
            print('-' * 60)
            print("Method failed for Url with status code " + str(ex.code) + ": " + ex.message)
            print('-' * 60)

            return 1

Some of the key lines from the above snippet –

authenticator = IAMAuthenticator(api_key)

# Authentication via service credentials provided in our config files
service = NaturalLanguageUnderstandingV1(version=inputVersion, authenticator=authenticator)
service.set_service_url(service_url)

By providing the API Key & Url, the application is initiating the service for Watson.

response = service.analyze(
    url=inputUrl,
    features=Features(entities=EntitiesOptions(),
                      sentiment=SentimentOptions(),
                      concepts=ConceptsOptions())).get_result()

Based on your type of input, it will bring the features of entities, sentiment & concepts here. Apart from that, you can additionally check the following features as well – Keywords & Categories.

3. callIBMWatsonAPI.py (This is the first calling script. Based on user choice, it will receive input either as Url or as the plain text & then analyze it.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 04-Apr-2020              ####
#### Modified On 04-Apr-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import clsIBMWatson as cw

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def main():
    try:
        ret_1 = 0
        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'IBMWatson_NaturalLanguageAnalysis.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']
        curr_ver =datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d")

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        print('Welcome to IBM Wantson Language Understanding Calling Program: ')
        print('-' * 60)
        print('Please Press 1 for Understand the language from Url.')
        print('Please Press 2 for Understand the language from your input-text.')
        input_choice = int(input('Please provide your choice:'))

        # Create the instance of the IBM Watson Class
        x2 = cw.clsIBMWatson()

        # Let's pass this to our map section
        if input_choice == 1:
            textUrl = str(input('Please provide the complete input url:'))
            ret_1 = x2.calculateExpressionFromUrl(textUrl, curr_ver)
        elif input_choice == 2:
            inputText = str(input('Please provide the input text:'))
            ret_1 = x2.calculateExpressionFromText(inputText, curr_ver)
        else:
            print('Invalid options!')

        if ret_1 == 0:
            print('Successful IBM Watson Language Understanding Generated!')
        else:
            print('Failed to generate IBM Watson Language Understanding!')

        print("-" * 60)
        print()

        print('Finding Analysis points..')
        print("*" * 157)
        logging.info('Finding Analysis points..')
        logging.info(tmpR0)


        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError as e:
        print(str(e))
        print("Invalid option!")
        logging.info("Invalid option!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

This script is pretty straight forward as it is first creating an instance of the main class & then based on the user input, it is calling the respective functions here.

As of now, IBM Watson can work on a list of languages, which are available here.

If you want to start from scratch, please refer to the following link.

Please find the screenshot of our application run –

Case 1 (With Url): 

21. Win_Run_1_Url
23. Win_Run_3_Url

Case 2 (With Plain text):

25. Win_Run_1_InputText
26. Win_Run_2_InputText
27. Win_Run_3_InputText

Now, Don’t forget to delete all the services from your IBM Cloud.

32. Delete Service

As you can see, from the service, you need to delete all the services one-by-one as shown in the figure.

So, we’ve done it.

To explore my photography, you can visit the following link.

I’ll be posting another new post in the coming days. Till then, Happy Avenging! 😀

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet & for educational purpose only.

Predicting health issues for Senior Citizens based on “Realtime Weather Data” in Python

Hi Guys,

Today, I’ll be presenting a different kind of post here. I’ll be trying to predict health issues for senior citizens based on “realtime weather data” by blending open-source population data using some mock risk factor calculation. At the end of the post, I’ll be plotting these numbers into some graphs for better understanding.

Let’s drive!

For this first, we need realtime weather data. To do that, we need to subscribe to the data from OpenWeather API. For that, you have to register as a developer & you’ll receive a similar email from them once they have approved –

1. Subscription To Open Weather

So, from the above picture, you can see that, you’ll be provided one API key & also offered a couple of useful API documentation. I would recommend exploring all the links before you try to use it.

You can also view your API key once you logged into their console. You can also create multiple API keys & the screen should look something like this –

2. Viewing Keys For security reasons, I’ll be hiding my own keys & the same should be applicable for you as well.

I would say many of these free APIs might have some issues. So, I would recommend you to start testing the open API through postman before you jump into the Python development. Here is the glimpse of my test through the postman –

3. Testing API

Once, I can see that the API is returning the result. I can work on it.

Apart from that, one needs to understand that these API might have limited use & also you need to know the consequences in terms of price & tier in case if you exceeded the limit. Here is the detail for this API –

5. Package Details - API

For our demo, I’ll be using the Free tire only.

Let’s look into our other source data. We got the top 10 city population-wise over there internet. Also, we have collected sample Senior Citizen percentage against sex ratio across those cities. We have masked these values on top of that as this is just for education purposes.

1. CityDetails.csv

Here is the glimpse of this file –

4. Source File

So, this file only contains the total population across the top 10 cities in the USA.

2. SeniorCitizen.csv

6. SeniorCitizen Data

This file contains the Sex ratio of Senior citizens across those top 10 cities by population.

Again, we are not going to discuss any script, which we’ve already discussed here.

Hence, we’re skipping clsL.py here.

1. clsConfig.py (This script contains all the parameters of the server.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 19-Jan-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: This script is a config   ####
#### file, contains all the keys for      ####
#### azure cosmos db. Application will    ####
#### process these information & perform  ####
#### various CRUD operation on Cosmos DB. ####
##############################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'URL': "http://api.openweathermap.org/data/2.5/weather",
        'API_HOST': "api.openweathermap.org",
        'API_KEY': "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
        'API_TYPE': "application/json",
        'CACHE': "no-cache",
        'CON': "keep-alive",
        'ARCH_DIR': Curr_Path + sep + 'arch' + sep,
        'PROFILE_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'profile' + sep,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep,
        'REPORT_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'report',
        'SRC_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'Src_File' + sep,
        'APP_DESC_1': 'Open Weather Forecast',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path,
        'SRC_FILE': Curr_Path + sep + 'Src_File' + sep + 'CityDetails.csv',
        'SRC_FILE_1': Curr_Path + sep + 'Src_File' + sep + 'SeniorCitizen.csv',
        'SRC_FILE_INIT': 'CityDetails.csv',
        'COL_LIST': ['base', 'all', 'cod', 'lat', 'lon', 'dt', 'feels_like', 'humidity', 'pressure', 'temp', 'temp_max', 'temp_min', 'name', 'country', 'sunrise', 'sunset', 'type', 'timezone', 'visibility', 'weather', 'deg', 'gust', 'speed'],
        'COL_LIST_1': ['base', 'all', 'cod', 'lat', 'lon', 'dt', 'feels_like', 'humidity', 'pressure', 'temp', 'temp_max', 'temp_min', 'CityName', 'country', 'sunrise', 'sunset', 'type', 'timezone', 'visibility', 'deg', 'gust', 'speed', 'WeatherMain', 'WeatherDescription'],
        'COL_LIST_2': ['CityName', 'Population', 'State']
    }

2. clsWeather.py (This script contains the main logic to extract the realtime data from our subscribed weather API.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 19-Jan-2020              ####
#### Modified On 19-Jan-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main scripts to invoke    ####
#### Indian Railway API.                  ####
##############################################

import requests
import logging
import json
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf

class clsWeather:
    def __init__(self):
        self.url = cf.config['URL']
        self.openmapapi_host = cf.config['API_HOST']
        self.openmapapi_key = cf.config['API_KEY']
        self.openmapapi_cache = cf.config['CACHE']
        self.openmapapi_con = cf.config['CON']
        self.type = cf.config['API_TYPE']

    def searchQry(self, rawQry):
        try:
            url = self.url
            openmapapi_host = self.openmapapi_host
            openmapapi_key = self.openmapapi_key
            openmapapi_cache = self.openmapapi_cache
            openmapapi_con = self.openmapapi_con
            type = self.type

            querystring = {"appid": openmapapi_key, "q": rawQry}

            print('Input JSON: ', str(querystring))

            headers = {
                'host': openmapapi_host,
                'content-type': type,
                'Cache-Control': openmapapi_cache,
                'Connection': openmapapi_con
            }

            response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, params=querystring)

            ResJson  = response.text

            jdata = json.dumps(ResJson)
            ResJson = json.loads(jdata)

            return ResJson

        except Exception as e:
            ResJson = ''
            x = str(e)
            print(x)

            logging.info(x)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

The key lines from this script –

querystring = {"appid": openmapapi_key, "q": rawQry}

print('Input JSON: ', str(querystring))

headers = {
    'host': openmapapi_host,
    'content-type': type,
    'Cache-Control': openmapapi_cache,
    'Connection': openmapapi_con
}

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, params=querystring)

ResJson  = response.text

In the above snippet, our application first preparing the payload & the parameters received from our param script. And then invoke the GET method to extract the real-time data in the form of JSON & finally sending the JSON payload to the primary calling function.

3. clsMap.py (This script contains the main logic to prepare the MAP using seaborn package & try to plot our custom made risk factor by blending the realtime data with our statistical data received over the internet.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 19-Jan-2020              ####
#### Modified On 19-Jan-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main scripts to invoke    ####
#### plot into the Map.                   ####
##############################################

import seaborn as sns
import logging
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import pandas as p
import clsL as cl

# This library requires later
# to print the chart
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

class clsMap:
    def __init__(self):
        self.src_file =  cf.config['SRC_FILE_1']

    def calculateRisk(self, row):
        try:
            # Let's assume some logic
            # 1. By default, 30% of Senior Citizen
            # prone to health Issue for each City
            # 2. Male Senior Citizen is 19% more prone
            # to illness than female.
            # 3. If humidity more than 70% or less
            # than 40% are 22% main cause of illness
            # 4. If feels like more than 280 or
            # less than 260 degree are 17% more prone
            # to illness.
            # Finally, this will be calculated per 1K
            # people around 10 blocks

            str_sex = str(row['Sex'])

            int_humidity = int(row['humidity'])
            int_feelsLike = int(row['feels_like'])
            int_population = int(str(row['Population']).replace(',',''))
            float_srcitizen = float(row['SeniorCitizen'])

            confidance_score = 0.0

            SeniorCitizenPopulation = (int_population * float_srcitizen)

            if str_sex == 'Male':
                confidance_score = (SeniorCitizenPopulation * 0.30 * 0.19) + confidance_score
            else:
                confidance_score = (SeniorCitizenPopulation * 0.30 * 0.11) + confidance_score

            if ((int_humidity > 70) | (int_humidity < 40)):
                confidance_score = confidance_score + (int_population * 0.30 * float_srcitizen) * 0.22

            if ((int_feelsLike > 280) | (int_feelsLike < 260)):
                confidance_score = confidance_score + (int_population * 0.30 * float_srcitizen) * 0.17

            final_score = round(round(confidance_score, 2) / (1000 * 10), 2)

            return final_score

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)

            return x

    def setMap(self, dfInput):
        try:
            resVal = 0
            df = p.DataFrame()
            debug_ind = 'Y'
            src_file =  self.src_file

            # Initiating Log Class
            l = cl.clsL()

            df = dfInput

            # Creating a subset of desired columns
            dfMod = df[['CityName', 'temp', 'Population', 'humidity', 'feels_like']]

            l.logr('5.dfSuppliment.csv', debug_ind, dfMod, 'log')

            # Fetching Senior Citizen Data
            df = p.read_csv(src_file, index_col=False)

            # Merging two frames
            dfMerge = p.merge(df, dfMod, on=['CityName'])

            l.logr('6.dfMerge.csv', debug_ind, dfMerge, 'log')

            # Getting RiskFactor quotient from our custom made logic
            dfMerge['RiskFactor'] = dfMerge.apply(lambda row: self.calculateRisk(row), axis=1)

            l.logr('7.dfRiskFactor.csv', debug_ind, dfMerge, 'log')

            # Generating Map plotss
            # sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, hue='Sex')
            # sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, hue='Sex', markers=['o','v'], scatter_kws={'s':25})
            sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, col='Sex')

            # This is required when you are running
            # through normal Python & not through
            # Jupyter Notebook
            plt.show()

            return resVal

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)

            logging.info(x)
            resVal = x

            return resVal

Key lines from the above codebase –

# Creating a subset of desired columns
dfMod = df[['CityName', 'temp', 'Population', 'humidity', 'feels_like']]

l.logr('5.dfSuppliment.csv', debug_ind, dfMod, 'log')

# Fetching Senior Citizen Data
df = p.read_csv(src_file, index_col=False)

# Merging two frames
dfMerge = p.merge(df, dfMod, on=['CityName'])

l.logr('6.dfMerge.csv', debug_ind, dfMerge, 'log')

# Getting RiskFactor quotient from our custom made logic
dfMerge['RiskFactor'] = dfMerge.apply(lambda row: self.calculateRisk(row), axis=1)

l.logr('7.dfRiskFactor.csv', debug_ind, dfMerge, 'log')

Combining our Senior Citizen data with already processed data coming from our primary calling script. Also, here the application is calculating our custom logic to find out the risk factor figures. If you want to go through that, I’ve provided the logic to derive it. However, this is just a demo to find out similar figures. You should not rely on the logic that I’ve used (It is kind of my observation of life till now. :D).

The below lines are only required when you are running seaborn, not via Jupyter notebook.

plt.show()

4. callOpenMapWeatherAPI.py (This is the first calling script. This script also calls the realtime API & then blend the first file with it & pass the only relevant columns of data to our Map script to produce the graph.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 19-Jan-2020              ####
#### Modified On 19-Jan-2020              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import pandas as p
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import json
import clsWeather as ct
import re
import numpy as np
import clsMap as cm

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def getMainWeather(row):
    try:
        # Using regular expression to fetch time part only

        lkp_Columns = str(row['weather'])
        jpayload = str(lkp_Columns).replace("'", '"')

        #jpayload = json.dumps(lkp_Columns)
        payload = json.loads(jpayload)

        df_lkp = p.io.json.json_normalize(payload)
        df_lkp.columns = df_lkp.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

        str_main_weather = str(df_lkp.iloc[0]['main'])

        return str_main_weather

    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        str_main_weather = x

        return str_main_weather

def getMainDescription(row):
    try:
        # Using regular expression to fetch time part only

        lkp_Columns = str(row['weather'])
        jpayload = str(lkp_Columns).replace("'", '"')

        #jpayload = json.dumps(lkp_Columns)
        payload = json.loads(jpayload)

        df_lkp = p.io.json.json_normalize(payload)
        df_lkp.columns = df_lkp.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

        str_description = str(df_lkp.iloc[0]['description'])

        return str_description

    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        str_description = x

        return str_description

def main():
    try:
        dfSrc = p.DataFrame()
        df_ret = p.DataFrame()
        ret_2 = ''
        debug_ind = 'Y'

        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'consolidatedIR.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        arch_dir = cf.config['ARCH_DIR']
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']
        col_list = cf.config['COL_LIST']
        col_list_1 = cf.config['COL_LIST_1']
        col_list_2 = cf.config['COL_LIST_2']

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Archive Directory:: ", arch_dir)
        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        df2 = p.DataFrame()

        src_file =  cf.config['SRC_FILE']

        # Fetching data from source file
        df = p.read_csv(src_file, index_col=False)

        # Creating a list of City Name from the source file
        city_list = df['CityName'].tolist()

        # Declaring an empty dictionary
        merge_dict = {}
        merge_dict['city'] = df2

        start_pos = 1
        src_file_name = '1.' + cf.config['SRC_FILE_INIT']

        for i in city_list:
            x1 = ct.clsWeather()
            ret_2 = x1.searchQry(i)

            # Capturing the JSON Payload
            res = json.loads(ret_2)

            # Converting dictionary to Pandas Dataframe
            # df_ret = p.read_json(ret_2, orient='records')

            df_ret = p.io.json.json_normalize(res)
            df_ret.columns = df_ret.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

            # Removing any duplicate columns
            df_ret = df_ret.loc[:, ~df_ret.columns.duplicated()]

            # l.logr(str(start_pos) + '.1.' + src_file_name, debug_ind, df_ret, 'log')
            start_pos = start_pos + 1

            # If all the conversion successful
            # you won't get any gust column
            # from OpenMap response. Hence, we
            # need to add dummy reason column
            # to maintain the consistent structures

            if 'gust' not in df_ret.columns:
                df_ret = df_ret.assign(gust=999999)[['gust'] + df_ret.columns.tolist()]

            # Resetting the column orders as per JSON
            column_order = col_list
            df_mod_ret = df_ret.reindex(column_order, axis=1)

            if start_pos == 1:
                merge_dict['city'] = df_mod_ret
            else:
                d_frames = [merge_dict['city'], df_mod_ret]
                merge_dict['city'] = p.concat(d_frames)

            start_pos += 1

        for k, v in merge_dict.items():
            l.logr(src_file_name, debug_ind, merge_dict[k], 'log')

        # Now opening the temporary file
        temp_log_file = log_dir + src_file_name

        dfNew = p.read_csv(temp_log_file, index_col=False)

        # Extracting Complex columns
        dfNew['WeatherMain'] = dfNew.apply(lambda row: getMainWeather(row), axis=1)
        dfNew['WeatherDescription'] = dfNew.apply(lambda row: getMainDescription(row), axis=1)

        l.logr('2.dfNew.csv', debug_ind, dfNew, 'log')

        # Removing unwanted columns & Renaming key columns
        dfNew.drop(['weather'], axis=1, inplace=True)
        dfNew.rename(columns={'name': 'CityName'}, inplace=True)

        l.logr('3.dfNewMod.csv', debug_ind, dfNew, 'log')

        # Now joining with the main csv
        # to get the complete picture
        dfMain = p.merge(df, dfNew, on=['CityName'])

        l.logr('4.dfMain.csv', debug_ind, dfMain, 'log')

        # Let's extract only relevant columns
        dfSuppliment = dfMain[['CityName', 'Population', 'State', 'country', 'feels_like', 'humidity', 'pressure', 'temp', 'temp_max', 'temp_min', 'visibility', 'deg', 'gust', 'speed', 'WeatherMain', 'WeatherDescription']]

        l.logr('5.dfSuppliment.csv', debug_ind, dfSuppliment, 'log')

        # Let's pass this to our map section
        x2 = cm.clsMap()
        ret_3 = x2.setMap(dfSuppliment)

        if ret_3 == 0:
            print('Successful Map Generated!')
        else:
            print('Please check the log for further issue!')

        print("-" * 60)
        print()

        print('Finding Story points..')
        print("*" * 157)
        logging.info('Finding Story points..')
        logging.info(tmpR0)


        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError as e:
        print(str(e))
        print("No relevant data to proceed!")
        logging.info("No relevant data to proceed!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Key snippet from the above script –

# Capturing the JSON Payload
res = json.loads(ret_2)

# Converting dictionary to Pandas Dataframe
df_ret = p.io.json.json_normalize(res)
df_ret.columns = df_ret.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

Once the application received the JSON response from the realtime API, the application is converting it to pandas dataframe.

# Removing any duplicate columns
df_ret = df_ret.loc[:, ~df_ret.columns.duplicated()]

Since this is a complex JSON response. The application might encounter duplicate columns, which might cause a problem later. Hence, our app is removing all these duplicate columns as they are not required for our cases.

if 'gust' not in df_ret.columns:
    df_ret = df_ret.assign(gust=999999)[['gust'] + df_ret.columns.tolist()]

There is a possibility that the application might not receive all the desired attributes from the realtime API. Hence, the above lines will check & add a dummy column named gust for those records in case if they are not present in the JSON response.

if start_pos == 1:
    merge_dict['city'] = df_mod_ret
else:
    d_frames = [merge_dict['city'], df_mod_ret]
    merge_dict['city'] = p.concat(d_frames)

These few lines required as our API has a limitation of responding with only one city at a time. Hence, in this case, we’re retrieving one town at a time & finally merge them into a single dataframe before creating a temporary source file for the next step.

At this moment our data should look like this –

16. Intermediate_Data_1

Let’s check the weather column. We need to extract the main & description for our dashboard, which will be coming in the next installment.

# Extracting Complex columns
dfNew['WeatherMain'] = dfNew.apply(lambda row: getMainWeather(row), axis=1)
dfNew['WeatherDescription'] = dfNew.apply(lambda row: getMainDescription(row), axis=1)

Hence, we’ve used the following two functions to extract these values & the critical snippet from one of the service is as follows –

lkp_Columns = str(row['weather'])
jpayload = str(lkp_Columns).replace("'", '"')
payload = json.loads(jpayload)

df_lkp = p.io.json.json_normalize(payload)
df_lkp.columns = df_lkp.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

str_main_weather = str(df_lkp.iloc[0]['main'])

The above lines extracting the weather column & replacing the single quotes with the double quotes before the application is trying to convert that to JSON. Once it converted to JSON, the json_normalize will easily serialize it & create individual columns out of it. Once you have them captured inside the pandas dataframe, you can extract the unique values & store them & return them to your primary calling function.

# Let's pass this to our map section
x2 = cm.clsMap()
ret_3 = x2.setMap(dfSuppliment)

if ret_3 == 0:
    print('Successful Map Generated!')
else:
    print('Please check the log for further issue!')

In the above lines, the application will invoke the Map class to calculate the remaining logic & then plotting the data into the seaborn graph.

Let’s just briefly see the central directory structure –

10. RunWindow

Here is the log directory –

11. Log Directory

And, finally, the source directory should look something like this –

12. SourceDir

Now, let’s runt the application –

Following lines are essential –

sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, hue='Sex')

This will project the plot like this –

13. AdditionalOption

Or,

sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, hue='Sex', markers=['o','v'], scatter_kws={'s':25})

This will lead to the following figures –

14. Adding Markers

As you can see, here, using the marker of (‘o’/’v’) leads to two different symbols for the different gender.

Or,

sns.lmplot(x='RiskFactor', y='SeniorCitizen', data=dfMerge, col='Sex')

This will lead to –

15. Separate By Sex

So, in this case, the application has created two completely different sets for Sex.

So, finally, we’ve done it. 😀

In the next post, I’ll be doing some more improvisation on top of these data sets. Till then – Happy Avenging! 🙂

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet & for educational purpose only.

Building Python-based best-route apps for Indian Railways

Hi Guys!

Today, I’ll present a way to get the best route from Indian Railways train between two specific sources & destination using third-party API.

This approach is particularly beneficial if you want to integrate this logic in Azure Function or Lambda Function or any serverless functions.

Before we dig into the details. Let us explore what kind of cloud-based architecture we can implement this.

Architecture

Fig: 1 (Cloud Architecture)

In this case, I’ve considered Azure as the implementation platform.

Let’s discuss how the events will take place. At first, a user searches for the best routes between two fixed stations. The user has to provide the source & destination stations. The request will go through the Azure Firewall after validating the initial authentication. As part of the API service, it will check for similar queries & if it is there, then it will fetch it from the cache & send it back to the user through their mobile application. However, for the first time, it will retrieve the information from the DB & keep a copy in the cache. This part also managed through a load balancer for high-level availability. However, periodically system will push the data from the cache to the DB with the updated information.

Let’s see the program directory structure –

ProgramDir

Let’s discuss our code –

1. clsConfig.py (This script contains all the parameters for the main Indian Railway API & try to get the response between two railway stations. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 12-Oct-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: This script is a config   ####
#### file, contains all the keys for      ####
#### azure cosmos db. Application will    ####
#### process these information & perform  ####
#### various CRUD operation on Cosmos DB. ####
##############################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'URL': "https://trains.p.rapidapi.com/",
        'RAPID_API_HOST': "trains.p.rapidapi.com",
        'RAPID_API_KEY': "hrfjjdfjfjfjfjxxxxxjffjjfjfjfjfjfjfjf",
        'RAPID_API_TYPE': "application/json",
        'ARCH_DIR': Curr_Path + sep + 'arch' + sep,
        'PROFILE_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'profile' + sep,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep,
        'REPORT_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'report',
        'APP_DESC_1': 'Indian Railway Train Schedule Search',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path,
        'COL_LIST': ['name','train_num','train_from','train_to','classes','departTime','arriveTime','Mon','Tue','Wed','Thu','Fri','Sat','Sun']
    }

As of now, I’ve replaced the API Key with the dummy value.

2. clsIndianRailway.py (This script will invoke the main Indian Railway API & try to get the response between two railway stations. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 20-Dec-2019              ####
#### Modified On 20-Dec-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main scripts to invoke    ####
#### Indian Railway API.                  ####
##############################################

import requests
import logging
import json
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf

class clsIndianRailway:
    def __init__(self):
        self.url = cf.config['URL']
        self.rapidapi_host = cf.config['RAPID_API_HOST']
        self.rapidapi_key = cf.config['RAPID_API_KEY']
        self.type = cf.config['RAPID_API_TYPE']

    def searchQry(self, rawQry):
        try:
            url = self.url
            rapidapi_host = self.rapidapi_host
            rapidapi_key = self.rapidapi_key
            type = self.type

            Ipayload = "{\"search\":\"" + rawQry + "\"}"

            jpayload = json.dumps(Ipayload)
            payload = json.loads(jpayload)

            print('Input JSON: ', str(payload))

            headers = {
                'x-rapidapi-host': rapidapi_host,
                'x-rapidapi-key': rapidapi_key,
                'content-type': type,
                'accept': type
                }

            response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers)

            ResJson  = response.text

            jdata = json.dumps(ResJson)
            ResJson = json.loads(jdata)

            return ResJson

        except Exception as e:
            ResJson = ''
            x = str(e)
            print(x)

            logging.info(x)
            ResJson = {'errorDetails': x}

            return ResJson

Let’s explain the critical snippet from the code.

url = self.url
rapidapi_host = self.rapidapi_host
rapidapi_key = self.rapidapi_key
type = self.type

Ipayload = "{\"search\":\"" + rawQry + "\"}"

jpayload = json.dumps(Ipayload)
payload = json.loads(jpayload)

The first four lines are to receive the parameter values. Our application needs to frame the search query, which is done in the IPayload variable. After that, our app will convert it into a json object type.

headers = {
    'x-rapidapi-host': rapidapi_host,
    'x-rapidapi-key': rapidapi_key,
    'content-type': type,
    'accept': type
    }

response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers)

Now, the application will prepare the headers & send the request & received the response. Finally, that response will be sent by this script to the main callee application after extracting part of the response & converting that back to JSON are as follows –

response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers)

ResJson  = response.text

jdata = json.dumps(ResJson)
ResJson = json.loads(jdata)

return ResJson

3. callIndianRailwayAPI.py (This is the main script which invokes the main Indian Railway API & tries to get the response between two railway stations. Hence, the name comes into the picture.)

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##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 20-Dec-2019              ####
#### Modified On 20-Dec-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: Main calling scripts.     ####
##############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import pandas as p
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import json
import clsIndianRailway as ct
import re
import numpy as np

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

# Lookup functions from
# Azure cloud SQL DB

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def getArriveTimeOnly(row):
    try:
        # Using regular expression to fetch time part only

        lkp_arriveTime = str(row['arriveTime'])

        str_arr_time, remain = lkp_arriveTime.split('+')

        return str_arr_time

    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        str_arr_time = ''

        return str_arr_time

def getArriveDateDiff(row):
    try:
        # Using regular expression to fetch time part only

        lkp_arriveTime = str(row['arriveTime'])

        first_half, str_date_diff_init = lkp_arriveTime.split('+')

        # Replacing the text part from it & only capturing the integer part
        str_date_diff = int(re.sub(r"[a-z]","",str_date_diff_init, flags=re.I))

        return str_date_diff

    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        str_date_diff = 0

        return str_date_diff

def getArriveTimeDiff(row):
    try:
        # Using regular expression to fetch time part only

        lkp_arriveTimeM = str(row['arriveTimeM'])

        str_time_diff_init = int(re.sub(r'[^\w\s]', '', lkp_arriveTimeM))

        # Replacing the text part from it & only capturing the integer part
        str_time_diff = (2400 - str_time_diff_init)

        return str_time_diff

    except Exception as e:
        x = str(e)
        str_time_diff = 0

        return str_time_diff

def main():
    try:
        dfSrc = p.DataFrame()
        df_ret = p.DataFrame()
        ret_2 = ''
        debug_ind = 'Y'
        col_list = cf.config['COL_LIST']

        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'consolidatedIR.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        arch_dir = cf.config['ARCH_DIR']
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Archive Directory:: ", arch_dir)
        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        # Query using parameters
        rawQry = str(input('Please enter the name of the train service that you want to find out (Either by Name or by Number): '))

        x1 = ct.clsIndianRailway()
        ret_2 = x1.searchQry(rawQry)

        # Capturing the JSON Payload
        res = json.loads(ret_2)

        # Converting dictionary to Pandas Dataframe
        # df_ret = p.read_json(ret_2, orient='records')

        df_ret = p.io.json.json_normalize(res)
        df_ret.columns = df_ret.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

        # Resetting the column orders as per JSON
        # df_ret = df_ret[list(res[0].keys())]
        column_order = col_list
        df_mod_ret = df_ret.reindex(column_order, axis=1)

        # Sorting the source data for better viewing
        df_mod_resp = df_mod_ret.sort_values(by=['train_from','train_to','train_num'])

        l.logr('1.IndianRailway_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_mod_resp, 'log')

        # Fetching Data for Delhi To Howrah
        df_del_how = df_mod_resp[(df_mod_resp['train_from'] == 'NDLS') & (df_mod_resp['train_to'] == 'HWH')]

        l.logr('2.IndianRailway_Delhi2Howrah_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_del_how, 'log')

        # Splitting Arrive time into two separate fields for better calculation
        df_del_how['arriveTimeM'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveTimeOnly(row), axis=1)
        df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveDateDiff(row), axis=1)
        df_del_how['arriveTimeDiff'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveTimeDiff(row), axis=1)

        l.logr('3.IndianRailway_Del2How_Mod_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_del_how, 'log')

        # To fetch the best route which saves time
        lstTimeDayDiff = df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'].values.tolist()
        min_lstTimeDayDiff = int(min(lstTimeDayDiff))

        df_min_timedaydiff = df_del_how[(df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'] == min_lstTimeDayDiff)]

        l.logr('4.IndianRailway_Del2How_TimeCalc_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_min_timedaydiff, 'log')

        # Now application will check the maximum arrivetimediff, this will bring the record
        # which arrives early at Howrah station
        lstTimeDiff = df_min_timedaydiff['arriveTimeDiff'].values.tolist()
        max_lstTimeDiff = int(max(lstTimeDiff))

        df_best_route = df_min_timedaydiff[(df_min_timedaydiff['arriveTimeDiff'] == max_lstTimeDiff)]

        # Dropping unwanted columns
        df_best_route.drop(columns=['arriveTimeM'], inplace=True)
        df_best_route.drop(columns=['arriveTimeDayDiff'], inplace=True)
        df_best_route.drop(columns=['arriveTimeDiff'], inplace=True)

        l.logr('5.IndianRailway_Del2How_BestRoute_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_best_route, 'log')

        print("-" * 60)

        print('Realtime Indian Railway Data:: ')
        logging.info('Realtime Indian Railway Data:: ')
        print(df_mod_resp)
        print()
        print('Best Route from Delhi -> Howrah:: ')
        print(df_best_route)
        print()

        # Checking execution status
        ret_val_2 = df_best_route.shape[0]

        if ret_val_2 == 0:
            print("Indian Railway hasn't returned any rows. Please check your queries!")
            logging.info("Indian Railway hasn't returned any rows. Please check your queries!")
            print("*" * 157)
            logging.info(tmpR0)
        else:
            print("Successfuly row feteched!")
            logging.info("Successfuly row feteched!")
            print("*" * 157)
            logging.info(tmpR0)

        print('Finding Story points..')
        print("*" * 157)
        logging.info('Finding Story points..')
        logging.info(tmpR0)


        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError:
        print("No relevant data to proceed!")
        logging.info("No relevant data to proceed!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Key snippet to explore –

# Query using parameters
rawQry = str(input('Please enter the name of the train service that you want to find out (Either by Name or by Number): '))

In this case, we make it interactive mode. However, in the actual scenario, you would receive these values from your mobile application.

x1 = ct.clsIndianRailway()
ret_2 = x1.searchQry(rawQry)

# Capturing the JSON Payload
res = json.loads(ret_2)

The above four lines initially invoke the API & receive the JSON response.

# Converting dictionary to Pandas Dataframe
df_ret = p.io.json.json_normalize(res)
df_ret.columns = df_ret.columns.map(lambda x: x.split(".")[-1])

# Resetting the column orders as per JSON
column_order = col_list
df_mod_ret = df_ret.reindex(column_order, axis=1)

# Sorting the source data for better viewing
df_mod_resp = df_mod_ret.sort_values(by=['train_from','train_to','train_num'])

In these last five lines, our application will convert the JSON & serialize it into pandas dataframe, which is sorted after that.

The result will look like this –

SerializeJson2PandasDF

This is exceptionally critical, as this will allow you to achieve your target. Without flattening the data, you won’t get to your goal.

# Fetching Data for Delhi To Howrah
df_del_how = df_mod_resp[(df_mod_resp['train_from'] == 'NDLS') & (df_mod_resp['train_to'] == 'HWH')]

As the line suggested, our application will pick-up only those records between New Delhi & Howrah. Thus, we’ve used our filter to eliminate additional records. And, the data will look like this –

SilteredRecords

Now, we need to identify the minimum time taken by anyone of the two records. For that, we’ll be doing some calculations to fetch the minimum time taken by the application.

# Splitting Arrive time into two separate fields for better calculation
df_del_how['arriveTimeM'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveTimeOnly(row), axis=1)
df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveDateDiff(row), axis=1)
df_del_how['arriveTimeDiff'] = df_del_how.apply(lambda row: getArriveTimeDiff(row), axis=1)

To do that, we’ll be generating a couple of derived columns (shown above), which we’ll be using the fetch the shortest duration. And, the data should look like this –

CalculatedFields

These are the two fields, which we’re using for our calculation. First, we’re splitting arriveTime into two separate columns i.e. arriveTimeM & arriveTimeDayDiff. However, arriveTimeDiff is a calculated field.

So, our logic to find the best routes –

  • arriveTimeDayDiff = Take the minimum of the records. If you have multiple candidates, then we’ll pick all of them. In this case, we’ll get two records.
  • ArrivalDiff = (24:00 – <Train’s Arrival Time>), then take the maximum of the value

Note that, in this case, we haven’t considered the departure time. You can add that logic to improvise & correct your prediction.

The above steps can be seen in the following snippet –

# To fetch the best route which saves time
lstTimeDayDiff = df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'].values.tolist()
min_lstTimeDayDiff = int(min(lstTimeDayDiff))

df_min_timedaydiff = df_del_how[(df_del_how['arriveTimeDayDiff'] == min_lstTimeDayDiff)]

l.logr('4.IndianRailway_Del2How_TimeCalc_' + var + '.csv', debug_ind, df_min_timedaydiff, 'log')

# Now application will check the maximum arrivetimediff, this will bring the record
# which arrives early at Howrah station
lstTimeDiff = df_min_timedaydiff['arriveTimeDiff'].values.tolist()
max_lstTimeDiff = int(max(lstTimeDiff))

df_best_route = df_min_timedaydiff[(df_min_timedaydiff['arriveTimeDiff'] == max_lstTimeDiff)]

Let’s see how it runs –

Output

As you can see that NDLS (New Delhi), we’ve three records marked in the GREEN square box. However, as destination HWH (Howrah), we’ve only two records marked in the RED square box. However, as part of our calculation, we’ll pick the record marked with the BLUE square box.

Let’s see how the log directory generates all the files –

Log_Dir

Let’s see the final output in our csv file –

BestRoute

So, finally, we’ve achieved it. 😀

Let me know – how do you like this post. Please share your suggestion & comments.

I’ll be back with another installment from the Python verse.

Till then – Happy Avenging!

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet & for educational purpose only.

Converting text to voice in Python

Hi Guys!

Today, we’ll be discussing one new post of converting text into a voice using some third-party APIs. This is particularly very useful in many such cases, where you can use this method to get more realistic communication.

There are many such providers, where you can get an almost realistic voice for both males & females. However, most of them are subscription-based. So, you have to be very careful about your budget & how to proceed.

For testing purposes, I’ll be using voice.org to simulate this.

Let’s look out the architecture of this process –

FlowS

As you can see, the user-initiated the application & provide some input in the form of plain text. Once the data is given, the app will send it to the third-party API for the process. Now, the Third-party API will verify the authentication & then it will check all the associate parameters before it starting to generate the audio response. After that, it will send the payload & that will be received by the calling python application. Here, it will be decoded & create the audio file & finally, that will be played at the invoking computer.

This third-party API has lots of limitations. However, they are giving you the platform to test your concept.

As of now, they support the following languages – English, Chinese, Catalan, French, Finnish, Dutch, Danish, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish & Sweedish.

In our case, we’ll be checking with English.

To work with this, you need to have the following modules installed in python –

  • playsound
  • requests
  • base64

Let’s see the directory structure –

1. Directory

Again, we are not going to discuss any script, which we’ve already discussed here.

Hence, we’re skipping clsL.py here.

1. clsConfig.py (This script contains all the parameters of the server.)

##############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE               ####
#### Written On: 12-Oct-2019              ####
####                                      ####
#### Objective: This script is a config   ####
#### file, contains all the keys for      ####
#### azure cosmos db. Application will    ####
#### process these information & perform  ####
#### various CRUD operation on Cosmos DB. ####
##############################################

import os
import platform as pl

class clsConfig(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    os_det = pl.system()
    if os_det == "Windows":
        sep = '\\'
    else:
        sep = '/'

    config = {
        'APP_ID': 1,
        'url': "https://voicerss-text-to-speech.p.rapidapi.com/",
        'host': "voicerss-text-to-speech.p.rapidapi.com",
        'api_key': "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
        'targetFile': "Bot_decode.mp3",
        'pitch_speed': "-6",
        'bot_language': "en-us",
        'audio_type': "mp3",
        'audio_freq': "22khz_8bit_stereo",
        'query_string_api': "hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh",
        'b64_encoding': True,
        'APP_DESC_1': 'Text to voice conversion.',
        'DEBUG_IND': 'N',
        'INIT_PATH': Curr_Path,
        'LOG_PATH': Curr_Path + sep + 'log' + sep
    }

For security reasons, sensitive information masked with the dummy value.

‘api_key’: “xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx”,

‘query_string_api’: “hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh”,

This two information is private to each subscriber. Hence, I’ve removed them & updated with some dummy values.

You have to fill-up with your subscribed information.

2. clsText2Voice.py (This script will convert the text data into an audio file using a GET API request from the third-party API & then play that using the web media player.)

###############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE                ####
#### Written On: 27-Oct-2019               ####
#### Modified On 27-Oct-2019               ####
####                                       ####
#### Objective: Main class converting      ####
#### text to voice using third-party API.  ####
###############################################

from playsound import playsound
import requests
import base64
from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf

class clsText2Voice:
    def __init__(self):
        self.url = cf.config['url']
        self.api_key = cf.config['api_key']
        self.targetFile = cf.config['targetFile']
        self.pitch_speed = cf.config['pitch_speed']
        self.bot_language = cf.config['bot_language']
        self.audio_type = cf.config['audio_type']
        self.audio_freq = cf.config['audio_freq']
        self.b64_encoding = cf.config['b64_encoding']
        self.query_string_api = cf.config['query_string_api']
        self.host = cf.config['host']

    def getAudio(self, srcString):
        try:
            url = self.url
            api_key = self.api_key
            tarFile = self.targetFile
            pitch_speed = self.pitch_speed
            bot_language = self.bot_language
            audio_type = self.audio_type
            audio_freq = self.audio_freq
            b64_encoding = self.b64_encoding
            query_string_api = self.query_string_api
            host = self.host

            querystring = {
                "r": pitch_speed,
                "c": audio_type,
                "f": audio_freq,
                "src": srcString,
                "hl": bot_language,
                "key": query_string_api,
                "b64": b64_encoding
            }

            headers = {
                'x-rapidapi-host': host,
                'x-rapidapi-key': api_key
            }

            response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, params=querystring)

            # Converting to MP3
            targetFile = tarFile
            mp3File_64_decode = base64.decodebytes(bytes(response.text, encoding="utf-8"))
            mp3File_result = open(targetFile, 'wb')

            # create a writable mp3File and write the decoding result
            mp3File_result.write(mp3File_64_decode)
            mp3File_result.close()

            playsound(targetFile)

            return 0
        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print('Error: ', x)

            return 1

Few crucial lines from the above script –

querystring = {
    "r": pitch_speed,
    "c": audio_type,
    "f": audio_freq,
    "src": srcString,
    "hl": bot_language,
    "key": query_string_api,
    "b64": b64_encoding
}

You can configure the voice of the audio by adjusting all the configurations. And, the text content will receive at srcString. So, whatever user will be typing that will be directly captured here & form the JSON payload accordingly.

response = requests.request("GET", url, headers=headers, params=querystring)

In this case, you will be receiving the audio file in the form of a base64 text file. Hence, you need to convert them back to the sound file by these following lines –

# Converting to MP3
targetFile = tarFile
mp3File_64_decode = base64.decodebytes(bytes(response.text, encoding="utf-8"))
mp3File_result = open(targetFile, 'wb')

# create a writable mp3File and write the decoding result
mp3File_result.write(mp3File_64_decode)
mp3File_result.close()

As you can see that, we’ve extracted the response.text & then we’ve decoded that to byte object to form the mp3 sound file at the receiving end.

Once we have our mp3 file ready, the following line simply plays the audio record.

playsound(targetFile)

Thus you can hear the actual voice.

3. callText2Voice.py (This is the main script that will invoke the text to voice API & then playback the audio once it gets the response from the third-party API.)

###############################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE                ####
#### Written On: 27-Oct-2019               ####
#### Modified On 27-Oct-2019               ####
####                                       ####
#### Objective: Main class converting      ####
#### text to voice using third-party API.  ####
###############################################

from clsConfig import clsConfig as cf
import clsL as cl
import logging
import datetime
import clsText2Voice as ct

# Disbling Warning
def warn(*args, **kwargs):
    pass

import warnings
warnings.warn = warn

var = datetime.datetime.now().strftime("%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S")

def main():
    try:
        ret_2 = ''
        debug_ind = 'Y'

        general_log_path = str(cf.config['LOG_PATH'])

        # Enabling Logging Info
        logging.basicConfig(filename=general_log_path + 'consolidatedTwitter.log', level=logging.INFO)

        # Initiating Log Class
        l = cl.clsL()

        # Moving previous day log files to archive directory
        log_dir = cf.config['LOG_PATH']

        tmpR0 = "*" * 157

        logging.info(tmpR0)
        tmpR9 = 'Start Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR9)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("Log Directory::", log_dir)
        tmpR1 = 'Log Directory::' + log_dir
        logging.info(tmpR1)

        # Query using parameters
        rawQry = str(input('Enter your string:'))

        x1 = ct.clsText2Voice()
        ret_2 = x1.getAudio(rawQry)

        if ret_2 == 0:
            print("Successfully converted from text to voice!")
            logging.info("Successfully converted from text to voice!")
            print("*" * 157)
            logging.info(tmpR0)
        else:
            print("Successfuly converted!")
            logging.info("Successfuly converted!")
            print("*" * 157)
            logging.info(tmpR0)

        print("*" * 157)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

        tmpR10 = 'End Time: ' + str(var)
        logging.info(tmpR10)
        logging.info(tmpR0)

    except ValueError:
        print("No relevant data to proceed!")
        logging.info("No relevant data to proceed!")

    except Exception as e:
        print("Top level Error: args:{0}, message{1}".format(e.args, e.message))

if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Essential lines from the above script –

# Query using parameters
rawQry = str(input('Enter your string:'))

x1 = ct.clsText2Voice()
ret_2 = x1.getAudio(rawQry)

As you can see, here the user will be passing the text content, which will be given to our class & then it will project the audio sound of that text.

Let’s see how it runs –

Input Text: Welcome to Satyaki De’s blog. This site mainly deals with the Python, SQL from different DBs & many useful areas from the leading cloud providers.

And, here is the run command under Windows OS looks like –

2. Windows_Run

And, please find the sample voice that it generates –

So, We’ve done it! 😀

Let us know your comment on this.

So, we’ll come out with another exciting post in the coming days!

N.B.: This is demonstrated for RnD/study purposes. All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet.

Building Azure Databricks Cluster installing desired packages & with a demo run (Time stone from Python Verse)

Today, I’ll be showing how to prepare a cluster in Azure Databricks from command prompt & will demonstrate any sample csv file process using Pyspark. This can be useful, especially when you want to customize your environment & need to install specific packages inside the clusters with more options.

This is not like any of my earlier posts, where my primary attention is on the Python side. At the end of this post, I’ll showcase one use of Pyspark script & how we can execute them inside Azure Data bricks.

Let’s roll the dice!

Step -1:

Type Azure Databricks in your search folder inside the Azure portal.

0. Azure Search

As shown in the red box, you have to click these options. And, it will take the application to new data bricks sign-in page.

Step -2:

Next step would be clicking the “Add” button. For the first time, the application will ask you to create a storage account associated with this brick.

1. Create Storage

After creation, the screen should look like this –

2.5. Azure-Data-Bricks Options

Now, click the Azure command-line & chose bash as your work environment –

2. After Creation

For security reason, I’ve masked the details.

After successful creation, this page should look like this –

3. Azure Databricks

Once, you click the launch workspace, it will take you to this next page –

4. Detailed Bricks

As you can see that, there are no notebook or python scripts there under Recents tab.

Step -3:

Let’s verify it from the command line shell environment.

5. Python-Env

As you can see, by default python version in bricks is 3.5.2.

Step -4:

Now, we’ll prepare one environment by creating a local directory under the cloud.

The directory that we’ll be creating is – “rndBricks.”

6. Creating Directory

Step -5:

Let’s create the virtual environment here –

Using “virtualenv” function, we’ll be creating the virtual environment & it should look like this –

7. Creating Python-VM

As you can see, that – this will create the first python virtual environment along with the pip & wheel, which is essential for your python environment.

After creating the VM, you need to update Azure CLI, which is shown in the next screenshot given below –

8. Installing Databricks CLI in Python-VM

Before you create the cluster, you need to first generate the token, which will be used for the cluster –

9.1. Generating Token

As shown in the above screen, the “red” marked area is our primary interest. The “green” box, which represents the account image that you need to click & then you have to click “User Settings” marked in blue. Once you click that, you can see the “purple” area, where you need to click the Generate new token button in case if you are doing it for the first time.

Now, we’ll be using this newly generated token to configure data bricks are as follows –

9.2. Configuring with Token

Make sure, you need to mention the correct zone, i.e. westus2/westus or any region as per your geography & convenience.

Once, that is done. You can check the cluster list by the following command (In case, if you already created any clusters in your subscription) –

10. Checking Clusters List

Since we’re building it from scratch. There is no cluster information showing here.

Step -6:

Let’s create the clusters –

11. Creating-Clusters-From-Command

Please find the command that you will be using are as follows –

databricks clusters create –json ‘{ “autoscale”: {“min_workers”: 2, “max_workers”: 8}, “cluster_name”: “pyRnd”, “spark_version”: “5.3.x-scala2.11”, “spark_conf”: {}, “node_type_id”: “Standard_DS3_v2”, “driver_node_type_id”: “Standard_DS3_v2”, “ssh_public_keys”: [], “custom_tags”: {}, “spark_env_vars”: {“PYSPARK_PYTHON”: “/databricks/python3/bin/python3”}, “autotermination_minutes”: 20, “enable_elastic_disk”: true, “cluster_source”: “UI”, “init_scripts”: [] }’

As you can see, you need to pass the information in JSON format. For your better understanding, please find the JSON in a proper format –

11.5. JSON

And, the raw version –

{
  "autoscale": {
    "min_workers": 2,
    "max_workers": 8
  },
  "cluster_name": "pyRnd",
  "spark_version": "5.3.x-scala2.11",
  "spark_conf": {},
  "node_type_id": "Standard_DS3_v2",
  "driver_node_type_id": "Standard_DS3_v2",
  "ssh_public_keys": [],
  "custom_tags": {},
  "spark_env_vars": {
    "PYSPARK_PYTHON": "/databricks/python3/bin/python3"
  },
  "autotermination_minutes": 20,
  "enable_elastic_disk": true,
  "cluster_source": "UI",
  "init_scripts": []
}

Initially, the cluster status will show from the GUI are as follows –

12. Cluster-Status-In-Progress

After a few minutes, this will show the running state –

13. Cluster-Running Status

Let’s check the detailed configuration once the cluster created –

14. Initial Cluster Details

Step -7:

We need to check the library section. This is important as we might need to install many dependant python package to run your application on Azure data bricks. And, the initial Libraries will look like this –

15. Libraries

You can install libraries into an existing cluster either through GUI or through shell command prompt as well. Let’s explore the GUI option.

GUI Option:

First, click the Libraries tab under your newly created clusters, as shown in the above picture. Then you need to click “Install New” button. This will pop-up the following windows –

16. Installing Libraries

As you can see, you have many options along with the possibilities for your python (marked in red) application as well.

Case 1 (Installing PyPi packages):

19. Installing through GUI

Note: You can either mention the specific version or just simply name the package name.

Case 2 (Installing Wheel packages):

16.5. Installing Wheel Libraries

As you can see, from the upload options, you can upload your local libraries & then click the install button to install the same.

UI Option:

Here is another way, you can install your python libraries using the command line as shown in the below screenshots –

17. Running & Installing Libraries - Alternate Options

Few things to notice. The first command shows the current running cluster list. Second, command updating your pip packages. And, the third command, install your desired pypi packages.

Please find the raw commands –

databricks clusters list

pip install -U pip

databricks libraries install –cluster-id “XXXX-XXXXX-leech896” –pypi-package “pandas” –pypi-repo “https://pypi.org/project/pandas/&#8221;

After installing, the GUI page under the libraries section will look like this –

18. Installed Libraries

Note that, for any failed case, you can check the log in this way –

20. Installation-In-progress

If you click on the marked red area, it will pop-up the detailed error details, which is as follows –

19.5. Error Details

So, we’re done with our initial set-up.

Let’s upload one sample file into this environment & try to parse the data.

Step -8:

You can upload your sample file as follows –

23.1. First Step

First, click the “data” & then click the “add data” marked in the red box.

You can import this entire csv data as tables as shown in the next screenshot –

23.2. Uploading Data Files

Also, you can create a local directory here based on your requirements are explained as –

24. Creating Local Directory For Process

Step -9:

Let’s run the code.

Please find the following snippet in PySpark for our test –

1. DBFromFile.py (This script will call the Bricks script & process the data to create an SQL like a table for our task.)

###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 10-Feb-2019       ########
####                               ########
#### Objective: Pyspark File to    ########
#### parse the uploaded csv file.  ########
###########################################

# File location and type
file_location = "/FileStore/tables/src_file/customer_addr_20180112.csv"
file_type = "csv"

# CSV options
infer_schema = "false"
first_row_is_header = "true"
delimiter = ","

# The applied options are for CSV files. For other file types, these will be ignored.
df = spark.read.format(file_type) \
  .option("inferSchema", infer_schema) \
  .option("header", first_row_is_header) \
  .option("sep", delimiter) \
  .load(file_location)

display(df)

# Create a view or table

temp_table_name = "customer_addr_20180112_csv"

df.createOrReplaceTempView(temp_table_name)

%sql

/* Query the created temp table in a SQL cell */

select * from `customer_addr_20180112_csv`

From the above sample snippet, one can see that the application is trying to parse the source data by providing all the parsing details & then use that csv as a table in SQL.

Let’s check step by step execution.

25. Working With Uploaded File

So, until this step, you can see that the application has successfully parsed the csv data.

And, finally, you can view the data –

25.1. Second Option

As the highlighted blue box shows that the application is using this csv file as a table. So, you have many options to analyze the information flexibly if you are familiar with SQL.

After your job run, make sure you terminate your cluster. Otherwise, you’ll receive a large & expensive usage bill, which you might not want!

So, finally, we’ve done it.

Let me know what do you think.

Till then, Happy Avenging! 😀

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet & for educational purpose only.

Building an Azure Function using Python (Crossover between Reality Stone & Time Stone in Python Verse)

Hi Guys!

Today, we’ll be discussing a preview features from Microsoft Azure. Building an Azure function using Python on it’s Linux/Ubuntu VM. Since this is a preview feature, we cannot implement this to production till now. However, my example definitely has more detailed steps & complete code guide compared to whatever available over the internet.

In this post, I will take one of my old posts & enhance it as per this post. Hence, I’ll post those modified scripts. However, I won’t discuss the logic in details as most of these scripts have cosmetic changes to cater to this requirement.

In this post, we’ll only show Ubuntu run & there won’t be Windows or MAC comparison.

Initial Environment Preparation:

  1. Set-up new virtual machine on Azure.
  2. Set-up Azure function environments on that server.

Set-up new virtual machine on Azure:

I’m not going into the details of how to create Ubuntu VM on Microsoft Azure. You can refer the steps in more information here.

After successful creation, the VM will look like this –

Azure VM - Ubuntu

Detailed information you can get after clicking this hyperlink over the name of the VM.

Azure-VM Basic Details

You have to open port 7071 for application testing from the local using postman.

You can get it from the network option under VM as follows –

Network-Configuration

Make sure that you are restricting these ports to specific network & not open to ALL traffic.

So, your VM is ready now.

To update Azure CLI, you need to use the following commands –

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install –only-upgrade -y azure-cli

Set-up Azure function environments on that server:

To set-up the environment, you don’t have to go for Python installation as by default Ubuntu in Microsoft Azure comes up with desired Python version, i.e., Python3.6. However, to run the python application, you need to install the following app –

  1. Microsoft SDK. You will get the details from this link.
  2. Installing node-js. You will get the details from this link.
  3. You need to install a docker. However, as per Microsoft official version, this is not required. But, you can create a Docker container to distribute the python function in Azure application. I would say you can install this just in case if you want to continue with this approach. You will get the details over here. If you want to know details about the Docker. And, how you want to integrate python application. You can refer to this link.
  4. Your desired python packages. In this case, we’ll be modifying this post – “Encryption/Decryption, JSON, API, Flask Framework in Python (Crossover between Reality Stone & Time Stone in Python Verse).” We’ll be modifying a couple of lines only to cater to this functionality & deploying the same as an Azure function.
  5. Creating an Azure function template on Ubuntu. The essential detail you’ll get it from here. However, over there, it was not shown in detailed steps of python packages & how you can add all the dependencies to publish it in details. It was an excellent post to start-up your knowledge.

Let’s see these components status & very brief details –

Microsoft SDK:

To check the dot net version. You need to type the following commands in Ubuntu –

dotnet –info

And, the output will look like this –

DotNet-Version

Node-Js:

Following is the way to verify your node-js version & details –

node -v

npm -v

And, the output looks like this –

Node-Js

Docker:

Following is the way to test your docker version –

docker -v

And, the output will look like this –

Docker-Version

Python Packages:

Following are the python packages that we need to run & publish that in Azure cloud as an Azure function –

pip freeze | grep -v “pkg-resources” > requirements.txt

And, the output is –

Requirements

You must be wondered that why have I used this grep commands here. I’ve witnessed that on many occassion in Microsoft Azure’s Linux VM it produces one broken package called resource=0.0.0, which will terminate the deployment process. Hence, this is very crucial to eliminate those broken packages.

Now, we’re ready for our python scripts. But, before that, let’s see the directory structure over here –

Win_Vs_Ubuntu-Cloud

Creating an Azure Function Template on Ubuntu: 

Before we post our python scripts, we’ll create these following components, which is essential for our Python-based Azure function –

  • Creating a group:

              Creating a group either through Azure CLI or using a docker, you can proceed. The commands for Azure CLI is as follows –

az group create –name “rndWestUSGrp” –location westus

It is advisable to use double quotes for parameters value. Otherwise, you might land-up getting the following error – “Error: “resourceGroupName” should satisfy the constraint – “Pattern”: /^[-w._]+$/“.

I’m sure. You don’t want to face that again. And, here is the output –

CreateDeploymentGroup

Note that, here I haven’t used the double-quotes. But, to avoid any unforeseen issues – you should use double-quotes. You can refer the docker command from the above link, which I’ve shared earlier.

Now, you need to create one storage account where the metadata information of your function will be stored. You will create that as follows –

az storage account create –name cryptpy2019 –location westus –resource-group rndWestUSGrp –sku Standard_LRS

And, the output will look like this –

AccountCreate_1

Great. Now, we’ll create a virtual environment for Python3.6.

python3.6 -m venv .env
source .env/bin/activate

Python-VM

Now, we’ll create a local function project.

func init encPro

And, the output you will get is as follows –

Local-Function

Inside this directory, you’ll see the following files –

Local-Function-Details

You need to edit the host.json with these default lines –

{
 “version”: “2.0”,
 “extensionBundle”: {
                                       “id”: “Microsoft.Azure.Functions.ExtensionBundle”,
                                       “version”: “[1.*, 2.0.0)”
                                     }
}

And, the final content of these two files (excluding the requirements.txt) will look like this –

Configuration

Finally, we’ll create the template function by this following command –

func new

This will follow with steps finish it. You need to choose Python as your programing language. You need to choose an HTTP trigger template. Once you created that successfully, you’ll see the following files –

func_New

Note that, our initial function name is -> getVal.

By default, Azure will generate some default code inside the __init__.py. The details of those two files can be found here.

Since we’re ready with our environment setup. We can now discuss our Python scripts –

1. clsConfigServer.py (This script contains all the parameters of the server.)

###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 10-Feb-2019       ########
####                               ########
#### Objective: Parameter File     ########
###########################################

import os
import platform as pl

# Checking with O/S system
os_det = pl.system()

class clsConfigServer(object):
    Curr_Path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))

    if os_det == "Windows":
        config = {
            'FILE': 'acct_addr_20180112.csv',
            'SRC_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '\\' + 'src_file\\',
            'PROFILE_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '\\' + 'profile\\',
            'HOST_IP_ADDR': '0.0.0.0',
            'DEF_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIl409vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'ACCT_NBR_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'NAME_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'PHONE_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'EMAIL_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwU0653rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o='
        }
    else:
        config = {
            'FILE': 'acct_addr_20180112.csv',
            'SRC_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '/' + 'src_file/',
            'PROFILE_FILE_PATH': Curr_Path + '/' + 'profile/',
            'HOST_IP_ADDR': '0.0.0.0',
            'DEF_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIl409vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'ACCT_NBR_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1vemWg9PekcKh2o=',
            'NAME_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rModqj_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'PHONE_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwUwXG3rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o=',
            'EMAIL_SALT': 'iooquzKtqLwU0653rMM0F5_fIlpp1026Wg9PekcKh2o='
        }

2. clsEnDec.py (This script is a lighter version of encryption & decryption of our previously discussed scenario. Hence, we won’t discuss in details. You can refer my earlier post to understand the logic of this script.)

###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE        ########
#### Written On: 25-Jan-2019       ########
#### Package Cryptography needs to ########
#### install in order to run this  ########
#### script.                       ########
####                               ########
#### Objective: This script will   ########
#### encrypt/decrypt based on the  ########
#### hidden supplied salt value.   ########
###########################################

from cryptography.fernet import Fernet
import logging

from getVal.clsConfigServer import clsConfigServer as csf

class clsEnDec(object):

    def __init__(self):
        # Calculating Key
        self.token = str(csf.config['DEF_SALT'])

    def encrypt_str(self, data, token):
        try:
            # Capturing the Salt Information
            t1 = self.token
            t2 = token

            if t2 == '':
                salt = t1
            else:
                salt = t2

            logging.info("Encrypting the value!")

            # Checking Individual Types inside the Dataframe
            cipher = Fernet(salt)
            encr_val = str(cipher.encrypt(bytes(data,'utf8'))).replace("b'","").replace("'","")

            strV1 = "Encrypted value:: " + str(encr_val)
            logging.info(strV1)

            return encr_val

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            encr_val = ''

            return encr_val

    def decrypt_str(self, data, token):
        try:
            # Capturing the Salt Information
            t1 = self.token
            t2 = token

            if t2 == '':
                salt = t1
            else:
                salt = t2

            logging.info("Decrypting the value!")

            # Checking Individual Types inside the Dataframe
            cipher = Fernet(salt)
            decr_val = str(cipher.decrypt(bytes(data,'utf8'))).replace("b'","").replace("'","")

            strV2 = "Decrypted value:: " + str(decr_val)
            logging.info(strV2)

            return decr_val

        except Exception as e:
            x = str(e)
            print(x)
            decr_val = ''

            return decr_val

3. clsFlask.py (This is the main server script that will the encrypt/decrypt class from our previous scenario. This script will capture the requested JSON from the client, who posted from the clients like another python script or third-party tools like Postman.)

###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE            ####
#### Written On: 25-Jan-2019           ####
#### Package Flask package needs to    ####
#### install in order to run this      ####
#### script.                           ####
####                                   ####
#### Objective: This script will       ####
#### encrypt/decrypt based on the      ####
#### supplied salt value. Also,        ####
#### this will capture the individual  ####
#### element & stored them into JSON   ####
#### variables using flask framework.  ####
###########################################

from getVal.clsConfigServer import clsConfigServer as csf
from getVal.clsEnDec import clsEnDecAuth

getVal = clsEnDec()

import logging

class clsFlask(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.xtoken = str(csf.config['DEF_SALT'])

    def getEncryptProcess(self, dGroup, input_data, dTemplate):
        try:
            # It is sending default salt value
            xtoken = self.xtoken

            # Capturing the individual element
            dGroup = dGroup
            input_data = input_data
            dTemplate = dTemplate

            # This will check the mandatory json elements
            if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):

                # Based on the Group & Element it will fetch the salt
                # Based on the specific salt it will encrypt the data
                if ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrAcct_Nbr')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['ACCT_NBR_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.encrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrName')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['NAME_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.encrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrPhone')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['PHONE_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.encrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrEmail')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['EMAIL_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.encrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                else:
                    ret_val = ''
            else:
                ret_val = ''

            # Return value
            return ret_val

        except Exception as e:
            ret_val = ''
            # Return the valid json Error Response
            return ret_val

    def getDecryptProcess(self, dGroup, input_data, dTemplate):
        try:
            xtoken = self.xtoken

            # Capturing the individual element
            dGroup = dGroup
            input_data = input_data
            dTemplate = dTemplate

            # This will check the mandatory json elements
            if ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != '')):

                # Based on the Group & Element it will fetch the salt
                # Based on the specific salt it will decrypt the data
                if ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrAcct_Nbr')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['ACCT_NBR_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.decrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrName')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['NAME_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.decrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrPhone')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['PHONE_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.decrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                elif ((dGroup == 'GrDet') & (dTemplate == 'subGrEmail')):
                    xtoken = str(csf.config['EMAIL_SALT'])

                    strV1 = "xtoken: " + str(xtoken)
                    logging.info(strV1)
                    strV2 = "Flask Input Data: " + str(input_data)
                    logging.info(strV2)

                    #x = cen.clsEnDecAuth()
                    ret_val = getVal.decrypt_str(input_data, xtoken)
                else:
                    ret_val = ''
            else:
                ret_val = ''

            # Return value
            return ret_val

        except Exception as e:
            ret_val = ''
            # Return the valid Error Response
            return ret_val

4. __init__.py (This autogenerated script contains the primary calling methods of encryption & decryption based on the element header & values after enhanced as per the functionality.)

###########################################
#### Written By: SATYAKI DE            ####
#### Written On: 08-Jun-2019           ####
#### Package Flask package needs to    ####
#### install in order to run this      ####
#### script.                           ####
####                                   ####
#### Objective: Main Calling scripts.  ####
#### This is an autogenrate scripts.   ####
#### However, to meet the functionality####
#### we've enhanced as per our logic.  ####
###########################################
__all__ = ['clsFlask']

import logging
import azure.functions as func
import json

from getVal.clsFlask import clsFlask

getVal = clsFlask()

def main(req: func.HttpRequest) -> func.HttpResponse:
    logging.info('Python Encryption function processed a request.')

    str_val = 'Input Payload:: ' + str(req.get_json())
    str_1 = str(req.get_json())

    logging.info(str_val)

    ret_val = {}
    DataIn = ''
    dGroup = ''
    dTemplate = ''
    flg = ''

    if (str_1 != ''):
        try:
            req_body = req.get_json()
            dGroup = req_body.get('dataGroup')

            try:
                DataIn = req_body.get('data')
                strV15 = 'If Part:: ' + str(DataIn)

                logging.info(strV15)

                if ((DataIn == '') | (DataIn == None)):
                    raise ValueError

                flg = 'Y'
            except ValueError:
                DataIn = req_body.get('edata')
                strV15 = 'Else Part:: ' + str(DataIn)
                logging.info(strV15)
                flg = 'N'
            except:
                DataIn = req_body.get('edata')
                strV15 = 'Else Part:: ' + str(DataIn)
                logging.info(strV15)
                flg = 'N'

            dTemplate = req_body.get('dataTemplate')

        except ValueError:
            pass

    strV5 = "Encrypt Decrypt Flag:: " + flg
    logging.info(strV5)

    if (flg == 'Y'):

        if ((DataIn != '') & ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != ''))):

            logging.info("Encryption Started!")
            ret_val = getVal.getEncryptProcess(dGroup, DataIn, dTemplate)
            strVal2 = 'Return Payload:: ' + str(ret_val)
            logging.info(strVal2)

            xval = json.dumps(ret_val)

            return func.HttpResponse(xval)
        else:
            return func.HttpResponse(
                 "Please pass a data in the request body",
                 status_code=400
            )
    else:

        if ((DataIn != '') & ((dGroup != '') & (dTemplate != ''))):

            logging.info("Decryption Started!")
            ret_val2 = getVal.getDecryptProcess(dGroup, DataIn, dTemplate)
            strVal3 = 'Return Payload:: ' + str(ret_val)
            logging.info(strVal3)

            xval1 = json.dumps(ret_val2)

            return func.HttpResponse(xval1)
        else:
            return func.HttpResponse(
                "Please pass a data in the request body",
                status_code=400
            )

In this script, based on the value of an flg variable, we’re calling our encryption or decryption methods. And, the value of the flg variable is set based on the following logic –

try:
    DataIn = req_body.get('data')
    strV15 = 'If Part:: ' + str(DataIn)

    logging.info(strV15)

    if ((DataIn == '') | (DataIn == None)):
        raise ValueError

    flg = 'Y'
except ValueError:
    DataIn = req_body.get('edata')
    strV15 = 'Else Part:: ' + str(DataIn)
    logging.info(strV15)
    flg = 'N'
except:
    DataIn = req_body.get('edata')
    strV15 = 'Else Part:: ' + str(DataIn)
    logging.info(strV15)
    flg = 'N'

So, if the application gets the “data” element then – it will consider the data needs to be encrypted; otherwise, it will go for decryption. And, based on that – it is setting the value.

Now, we’re ready to locally run our application –

func host start

And, the output will look like this –

StartingAzureFunction-Python
StartingAzureFunction-Python 2

Let’s test it from postman –

Encrypt:

Postman-Encrypt

Decrypt:

Postman-Decrypt

Great. Now, we’re ready to publish this application to Azure cloud.

As in our earlier steps, we’ve already built our storage account for the metadata. Please scroll to top to view that again. Now, using that information, we’ll make the function app with a more meaningful name –

az functionapp create –resource-group rndWestUSGrp –os-type Linux \
–consumption-plan-location westus –runtime python \
–name getEncryptDecrypt –storage-account cryptpy2019

CreatingFunctionPython

Let’s publish the function –

sudo func azure functionapp publish “getEncryptDecrypt” –build-native-deps

On many occassion, without the use of “–build-native-deps” might leads to failure. Hence, I’ve added that to avoid such scenarios.

Publishing-Function

Now, we need to test our first published complex Azure function with Python through postman –

Encrypt:

PubishedFuncPostmanEncrypt

Decrypt:

PubishedFuncPostmanDecrypt

Wonderful! So, it is working.

You can see the function under the Azure portal –

Deployed-Function

Let’s see some other important features of this function –

Monitor: You can monitor two ways. One is by clicking the monitor options you will get the individual requests level details & also get to see the log information over here –

Function-Monitor-Details-1

Clicking Application Insights will give you another level of detailed logs, which can be very useful for debugging. We’ll touch this at the end of this post with a very brief discussion.

Function-Monitor-Details-3.JPG

As you can see, clicking individual lines will show the details further.

Let’s quickly check the application insights –

Application-Insights-1

Application Insights will give you a SQL like an interface where you can get the log details of all your requests.

Application-Insights-2

You can expand the individual details for further information.

Application-Insights-3

You can change the parameter name & other details & click the run button to get all the log details for your debugging purpose.

So, finally, we’ve achieved our goal. This is relatively long posts. But, I’m sure this will help you to create your first python-based function on the Azure platform.

Hope, you will like this approach. Let me know your comment on the same.

I’ll bring some more exciting topic in the coming days from the Python verse.

Till then, Happy Avenging! 😀

Note: All the data posted here are representational data & available over the internet.